Khalid Ishaq

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Cytosine arabinoside (ara-C) and gemcitabine (dFdC) are two standard chemotherapy drugs used in the treatment of patients with various cancers. To alter the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of these molecules, we conjugated a synthetic phospholipid to both ara-C and dFdC and investigated their chemotherapeutic potential. The dFdC conjugate had(More)
We previously synthesized a thioetherphospholipid-AZT conjugate (3'-azido-3'-deoxy-5'-(1-hexadecylthio-2-methoxypropyl)-phosphothymidine, CP-102) with potent anti-HIV-1 activity and significant reduction in cell cytotoxicity compared to AZT alone. To study the cellular metabolism of the conjugate compound we synthesized a double-tritium-labeled(More)
Alkylglycerols such as rac-1-O-octadecyl-2-O-methylglycerophosphochocholine (Et-18-OMe) have shown an inhibitory effect on the metastasis and growth of various cancer cell lines. Alkyl phospholipids have been shown to accumulate at the surface in several cell lines, the selectivity of which is still not clearly understood. A consequence of this action may(More)
The oral route is the preferred route of delivery for a large number of drug molecules. However, the intestinal epithelium presents a formidable barrier for delivery of drugs into systemic circulation. Phospholipids are among compounds that enhance the absorption of drugs across the intestinal epithelium. In this paper, we describe structure-activity(More)
p-Antimonybenzenesulfonyl fluoride and p-mercurybenzenesulfonyl fluoride irreversibly inhibit chymotrypsin (EC, trypsin (EC, and chromosomal protease, and these inhibitors appear to be as active as phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride. The pretreatment of the proteases interferes with the phosphorylation of the active-site serine by(More)
Membrane-interactive phospholipids (PLs), previously evaluated for activity against HIV-1 in vitro, are known to affect late steps in viral replication. Studies were done to determine the effects of PL analogs on post-translational processing of HIV-1 proteins, binding of viral surface gp160/gp120 to CD4 receptor, and HIV-1-induced cell fusion. Results of(More)
INK-20, a synthetic phosphocholine lipid-AZT conjugate, was evaluated for antiviral activity against wild-type HIV-1, a matched pair of pre-AZT and post-AZT and multidrug resistant clinical isolates. In addition, it was tested for activity against viruses resistant to nucleoside (AZT, 3TC) and nonnucleoside (nevirapine) reverse transcriptase and protease(More)
1-0-Alkyl diol and glyceryl ether lipids with a quaternary ammonium polar head group were synthesized and the cytotoxicity (IC50) tested against KB cells, with low 1-0-alkyl-cleavage activity, and rat hepatoma 77 cells with relatively high 1-0-alkyl-cleavage activity. The original premise was that the compounds would be inactivated by the cleavage enzyme(More)
An unnatural phospholipid, phosphatidyl-N-isopropylethanolamine, was isolated from rat liver after intraperitoneal injections of N-isopropylethanol-amine; it was identified on the basis of enzymic, chemical, and chromatographic analyses. Although this phospholipid was formed at the expense of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine, its fatty acid(More)