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A monoclonal antibody to the microtubule-associated protein tau (tau) labeled some neurofibrillary tangles and plaque neurites, the two major locations of paired-helical filaments (PHF), in Alzheimer disease brain. The antibody also labeled isolated PHF that had been repeatedly washed with NaDodSO4. Dephosphorylation of the tissue sections with alkaline(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate CSF levels of beta-amyloid(1-42) (Abeta42) alone and in combination with CSF tau for distinguishing AD from other conditions. METHODS At 10 centers in Europe and the United States, 150 CSF samples from AD patients were analyzed and compared with 100 CSF samples from healthy volunteers or patients with disorders not associated with(More)
Microtubule-associated protein tau was purified from bovine brain microtubules by either (1) phosphocellulose chromatography, (2) heat treatment at pH 6.4, (3) heat treatment at pH 2.7, (4) heat treatment at pH 2.7 followed by extraction with perchloric acid and precipitation with glycerol, or (5) by precipitation with ammonium sulfate followed by(More)
Just as neuronal activity is essential to normal brain function, microtubule-associated protein tau appears to be critical to normal neuronal activity in the mammalian brain, especially in the evolutionary most advanced species, the homo sapiens. While the loss of functional tau can be compensated by the other two neuronal microtubule-associated proteins,(More)
The intraneuronal accumulation of paired helical filaments in the form of neurofibrillary tangles is one hallmark of the brain pathology in Alzheimer's disease. At certain predilection sites, a small number of similar lesions are also present in the brains of the majority of aged non-demented individuals. As suggested by several studies before, these(More)
Microtubule-associated protein tau becomes abnormally hyperphosphorylated in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and accumulates as tangles of paired helical filaments in neurons undergoing degeneration. We now show that in solution normal tau associates with the AD hyperphosphorylated tau (AD P-tau) in a nonsaturable fashion, forming large tangles of filaments 3.3(More)
The microtubule-associated protein tau is a family of six isoforms that becomes abnormally hyperphosphorylated and accumulates in the form of paired helical filaments (PHF) in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and patients with several other tauopathies. Here, we show that the abnormally hyperphosphorylated tau from AD brain cytosol (AD(More)
Microtubule associated protein (MAP) tau is abnormally hyperphosphorylated in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related tauopathies; in this form it is the major protein subunit of paired helical filaments (PHF)/neurofibrillary tangles. However, the nature of protein kinases and phosphatases and tau sites involved in this lesion has been elusive. We investigated(More)
The microtubule assembly-promoting activity of different pools of tau protein isolated from Alzheimer disease (AD) and control brains and the effect of dephosphorylation on this activity were studied. Tau isolated from a 2.5% perchloric extract of AD brain had almost the same activity as that obtained from control brain, and this activity did not change(More)
Hyperphosphorylated tau, which is the major protein of the neurofibrillary tangles in Alzheimer's disease brain, is most probably the result of an imbalance of tau kinase and phosphatase activities in the affected neurons. By using metabolically competent rat brain slices as a model, we found that selective inhibition of protein phosphatase 2A by okadaic(More)