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A monoclonal antibody to the microtubule-associated protein tau (tau) labeled some neurofibrillary tangles and plaque neurites, the two major locations of paired-helical filaments (PHF), in Alzheimer disease brain. The antibody also labeled isolated PHF that had been repeatedly washed with NaDodSO4. Dephosphorylation of the tissue sections with alkaline(More)
The intraneuronal accumulation of paired helical filaments in the form of neurofibrillary tangles is one hallmark of the brain pathology in Alzheimer's disease. At certain predilection sites, a small number of similar lesions are also present in the brains of the majority of aged non-demented individuals. As suggested by several studies before, these(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate CSF levels of beta-amyloid(1-42) (Abeta42) alone and in combination with CSF tau for distinguishing AD from other conditions. METHODS At 10 centers in Europe and the United States, 150 CSF samples from AD patients were analyzed and compared with 100 CSF samples from healthy volunteers or patients with disorders not associated with(More)
Microtubule-associated protein tau was purified from bovine brain microtubules by either (1) phosphocellulose chromatography, (2) heat treatment at pH 6.4, (3) heat treatment at pH 2.7, (4) heat treatment at pH 2.7 followed by extraction with perchloric acid and precipitation with glycerol, or (5) by precipitation with ammonium sulfate followed by(More)
Microtubule-associated protein tau undergoes several post-translational modifications and aggregates into paired helical filaments (PHFs) in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and other tauopathies. These modifications of tau include hyperphosphorylation, glycosylation, ubiquitination, glycation, polyamination, nitration, and proteolysis. Hyperphosphorylation and(More)
Amino acid sequencing of a CNBr digest of the tau protein isolated from bovine brain revealed an amino acid sequence of 17 residues, Pro-Gly-Leu-Lys-Glu-Ser-Pro-Leu-Gln-Ile-Gly-Ala-Ala-Pro-Gly-Leu-Lys, which we call peptide I, with heterogeneity at position 11 of glycine (peptide Ia) and proline (peptide Ib); peptide I showed no homology with the previously(More)
Tau protein from Alzheimer disease (AD) brain is phosphorylated at eleven Ser/Thr-Pro and nine Ser/Thr-X sites. The former sites are phosphorylated by proline-dependent protein kinases (PDPKs), the latter by non-PDPKs. The identities of both the PDPKs and non-PDPKs involved in AD tau hyperphosphorylation are still to be established. In this study we have(More)
In Alzheimer disease brain the microtubule associated protein (MAP) tau is abnormally hyperphosphorylated. The role of protein phosphatases (PP) in the regulation of phosphorylation of tau was studied in undifferentiated SY5Y cells. In cells treated with 10 nM okadaic acid (OA), a PP-2A/PP-1 inhibitor, the PP-1 and -2A activities decreased by 60% and 100%(More)
In Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain the activity of protein phosphatase (PP)-2A is compromised and that of the extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK1/2) of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family, which can phosphorylate tau, is up-regulated. We investigated whether a decrease in PP-2A activity could underlie the activation of these(More)
An antigenic profile of subcortical and cortical Lewy bodies was determined in the presence or absence of neurofibrillary tangles in the same brain using antisera and monoclonal antibodies to various cytoskeletal elements as well as to determinants not present in the normal cytoskeleton. The cores of many Lewy bodies were strongly reactive with a monoclonal(More)