Khalid Awadelkarim Ahmed

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We report the nucleotide sequences of turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II loci (beta 1 domain or exon 2 encoding the peptide-binding region). In the present investigation, three distinct sequences from the beta 1 domain of turkey MHC class II were isolated. A BLAST search and phylogenetic analysis revealed that(More)
The role of cytokines in regression of the ovary and oviduct during induced molting in chickens was investigated by evaluating the expressions of IL-1beta, IL-6, IFN-gamma, IL-2, TGF-beta2, MIP-1beta and IL-8 in the regressing ovary and oviduct by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. In addition, serum hormonal profiles (estrogen, progesterone and corticosterone),(More)
The mechanism of postovulatory follicle (POF) regression in birds is still poorly understood. In the current study, expression of IL-1beta, IL-6, GM-CSF, IFN-gamma, IL-2, IL-4, IL-13, chCXCLi2, chCCLi2, chCCLi4, chCCLi7, IL-10 and TGF-beta2 mRNAs was estimated in regressing POF by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. In addition, the changes in immune cell population,(More)
Myostatin is a potent growth and differentiation factor involved in skeletal muscle tissue formation in vertebrates. However, recent studies in chicken embryo suggested that the myostatin was expressed even before the establishment of myogenic lineage. No studies have thus far been reported in birds to define the role of myostatin during the embryonic(More)
Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine), an indole hormone, regulates various biological functions through three different receptor subtypes (Mel-1a, Mel-1b, and Mel-1c). However, the distribution of different melatonin receptor subtypes in chicken reproductive tissues was not known. In the present investigation, the partial sequences of ovarian melatonin(More)
This paper describes for the first time the differential immune response to virulent Newcastle disease virus (NDV) in birds differing in cell-mediated immunity, as measured by response to phytohaemagglutinin-P. To explore potential host-pathogen interactions, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were collected from 40 extreme responder birds (20 birds(More)
BACKGROUND Since December 2009, Médecins Sans Frontières has diagnosed and treated patients with visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in Tabarak Allah Hospital, eastern Gedaref State, one of the main endemic foci of VL in Sudan. A survey was conducted to estimate the VL incidence in villages around Tabarak Allah. METHODS Between the 5(th) of May and the 17(th) of(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has recently emerged as a regulator of functional and structural regression in mammalian reproductive tissues. However, the role of NO in ovulation and postovulatory follicles (POF) that undergo regression in laying birds is unclear. In the present investigation, the expression profiles of iNOS mRNA, tissue NO levels and the percentage of(More)
We report the effects of supplemental chromium (Cr) on interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) expression in response to Newcastle disease virus (NDV) vaccine in broiler chicken. Two hundred and eighty day old straight run broiler chicks were randomly selected and allocated at random to one of the seven treatment groups replicated four times having 10 chicks in each(More)
Phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-induced delayed-type hypersensitivity is an immunocompetent trait considered an indicator of cell-mediated immune or T-cell responses. Divergent selection was performed to generate high and low lines for response to PHA-P. Extreme-responder birds of the F2 generation in each line were used to study possible differences in macrophage(More)