Learn More
Elevated exposure to arsenic has been suggested to be associated with atherosclerosis leading to cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, biochemical events underlying the arsenic-induced atherosclerosis have not yet been fully documented. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations of circulating molecules involved in atherosclerosis with(More)
We examined the biochemical effects of arsenic on the activities of RET proto-oncogene (c-RET protein tyrosine kinases) and RET oncogene (RET-MEN2A and RET-PTC1 protein tyrosine kinases) products. Arsenic activated c-RET kinase with promotion of disulfide bond-mediated dimerization of c-RET protein. Arsenic further activated RET-MEN2A kinase, which was(More)
T-cell death, which occurs either for ontogenic T-cell selection or for activated T-cell elimination, is normally induced through binding of a specific ligand to cell-surface T-cell receptor for crosslinkage. Heavy metals and carbonyl compounds that bind to protein-reactive groups such as cysteine sulfhydryl groups and lysine epsilon-amino groups may also(More)
Previous studies have shown that activities of tyrosine kinases and secretion of the active form of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) are correlated with promotion of tumor growth, while apoptotic cell death in cancer cells is correlated with anti-cancer effects. Although arsenic has been reported to have both cancer-promoting and anti-cancer effects, the(More)
We previously showed that cepharanthine (CEP), a biscoclaurine alkaloid, induces caspase-dependent and Fas-independent apoptosis in Jurkat and K562 human leukemia cells. In the present study, we investigated the effect of CEP on three groups of human mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in relation to CEP-induced apoptosis. CEP, at the concentration(More)
Nevus-associated melanomas arise from pre-existing benign lesions, but de novo melanomas can also develop in the absence of such lesions. Few studies have addressed the latter phenomenon because no animal models have been described in which melanomas clearly develop in a de novo manner. In this study, we have address this need in defining RFP-RET-transgenic(More)
SCOPE Ochratoxin A (OTA), a mycotoxin known for its nephrotoxic, immunotoxic, and carcinogenic effects in animals, deserves attention due to its widespread occurrence as food and feed contaminant. Studies in many countries report the presence of OTA in human blood plasma or serum at variable levels. However, no biomonitoring study has been carried out in so(More)
BACKGROUND Arsenic is a potent pollutant that has caused an environmental catastrophe in certain parts of the world including Bangladesh where millions of people are presently at risk due to drinking water contaminated by arsenic. Chronic arsenic exposure has been scientifically shown as a cause for liver damage, cancers, neurological disorders and several(More)
Citrinin (CIT) is a mycotoxin contaminant in food commodities and can co-occur with ochratoxin A (OTA), another nephrotoxic contaminant in food and feed. Presence of OTA in maize from Bangladesh has been reported, but no data exist on CIT occurrence in food or feed in Bangladesh. Since biomonitoring provides the best approach to assess human exposure to(More)
Arsenic is a potent environmental pollutant that has caused one of the largest public health poisonings in the history of human civilization, affecting tens of millions of people worldwide especially in Bangladesh. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in blood plays an important role in predicting cell or organ damage and as an important clue to the diagnosis of a(More)