Khaled A. Tolba

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Pattern recognition receptors represent the first line of defense against invading pathogens. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) encodes multiple ligands detected by these receptors, yet persists in the majority of infected individuals indicating a breakdown in host defense against the virus. Here we identify a novel mechanism through which HSV immediate-early(More)
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules are highly polymorphic membrane glycoproteins that bind peptide fragments of proteins and display them for recognition by CD4+ T cells. To understand the effect of human MHC class II polymorphism on peptide-MHC interaction, we have isolated M13 phage from a large M13 peptide display library by(More)
This phase I trial was initiated to evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK) and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the glycolytic inhibitor, 2-deoxy-d-glucose (2DG) in combination with docetaxel, in patients with advanced solid tumors. A modified accelerated titration design was used. 2DG was administered orally once daily for 7 days every other week(More)
Development of effective antitumor immune responses depends on timely interactions of effector cells. A bimodal approach that involves coexpression of chemokines and costimulatory molecules within the tumor bed may elaborate a more optimal antitumor response. One candidate includes secondary lymphoid tissue chemokine (SLC), which promotes the colocalization(More)
Herpes simplex virus (HSV)-based vectors have favorable biologic features for gene therapy of leukemia and lymphoma. These include high transduction efficiency, ability to infect postmitotic cells, and large packaging capacity. The usefulness of HSV amplicon vectors for the transduction of primary human B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) was(More)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a B lymphocyte malignancy that remains a largely incurable disease. CLL B cells possess the ability to process and present tumor antigens but lack expression of costimulatory molecules, rendering them inefficient effectors of T-cell activation. We previously demonstrated that helper virus-free preparations of herpes(More)
4-1BB is a T-cell costimulatory receptor which binds its ligand 4-1BBL, resulting in prolonged T cell survival. We studied the antitumor effects of adoptively transferred tumor-specific T cells expanded ex vivo using tumors transduced with herpes simplex virus (HSV) amplicons expressing 4-1BBL as a direct source of antigen and costimulation. We constructed(More)
INTRODUCTION In 2003, consolidation docetaxel was a promising concept for unresectable stage IIIA/B nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). To test the hypothesis that chemoradiotherapy with carboplatin and irinotecan followed by consolidation docetaxel would be feasible and clinically active, we conducted a phase II study. METHODS Thirty-two patients with(More)
A field survey in a village was carried out to study child health in a rural area. The vaccination scheme was found to be inadequate and the value of health education is stressed. Parasitic infestation was found to be higher than urban areas but significantly lower than 1959 and the latter is attributed to a safer water supply. Growth and development lagged(More)
NKG2D ligands link the innate and adapative immune response by activating the receptors expressed on effector cells of both the innate (NK) and adaptive immune systems (CD8(+) T cells). In this study, we explored the potential therapeutic utility of this intersection by fusing the murine NKG2D ligand Rae-1β to the 3' end of an anti-HER2 IgG3 antibody(More)