Khaled A. Elsaid

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OBJECTIVE To study the effect of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury on lubricin concentrations in synovial fluid (SF) and its correlation with time postinjury, inflammatory cytokines, lubricin-degrading enzymes, and SF proteoglycan content. METHODS SF samples were obtained from both knees of 30 patients with unilateral ACL insufficiency, 32-364 days(More)
Osteoarthritis is a complex disease involving the mechanical breakdown of articular cartilage in the presence of altered joint mechanics and chondrocyte death, but the connection between these factors is not well established. Lubricin, a mucinous glycoprotein encoded by the PRG4 gene, provides boundary lubrication in articular joints. Joint friction is(More)
OBJECTIVE The glycoprotein lubricin (encoded by the gene Prg4) is secreted by surface chondrocytes and synovial cells, and has been shown to reduce friction in vitro. In contrast to man-made bearings, mammalian diarthrodial joints must endogenously produce friction-reducing agents. This study was undertaken to investigate whether friction is associated with(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of forced joint exercise following acute knee injury on lubricin metabolism and its relationship to cartilage degeneration and to assess chondroprotection of a single-dose purified human lubricin injection in exercised injured joints. METHODS Anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) was performed in rats with six(More)
OBJECTIVE We have sought to determine if markers of proteoglycans and collagen type II (CII) degradation can be detected at an early stage following acute knee injury in the synovial fluid (SF) from a group of patients diagnosed with non-infectious knee joint synovitis (KJS). CII, proteoglycans and elastase activity in the SF from patients with KJS were(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the binding of recombinant human proteoglycan 4 (rhPRG4) to CD44 receptor and its consequences on cytokine-induced synoviocyte proliferation. METHODS The binding of rhPRG4 to CD44 and competition with high molecular weight (HMW) hyaluronic acid (HA) was evaluated using a direct enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and surface(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the relationship between the boundary-lubricating ability of synovial fluid (SF) and articular cartilage damage in a rabbit knee injury model, to correlate collagen markers of such damage with SF boundary-lubricating ability and elastase activity, and to examine the lubricating ability of SF, together with collagen markers of articular(More)
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common musculoskeletal disease, affecting millions of individuals worldwide. New treatment approaches require an understanding of the pathophysiology of OA and its biomechanical, inflammatory, genetic, and environmental risk factors. The purpose of animal models of OA is to reproduce the pattern and progression of(More)
OBJECTIVE Post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) occurs after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. PTOA may be initiated by early expression of proteolytic enzymes capable of causing degradation of the articular cartilage at time of injury. This study investigated the production of three of these key proteases in multiple joint tissues after ACL injury(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) in a rat model on lubricin metabolism and its relationship to markers of inflammation and cartilage damage, and to determine whether blocking the metabolic effects of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) by etanercept increases the chondroprotection provided by lubricin. (More)