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Long-term deprivation of visual input for several days or weeks leads to marked changes in the excitability and function of the occipital cortex. The time course of these changes is poorly understood. In this study, we addressed the question whether a short period of light deprivation (minutes to a few hours) can elicit such changes in humans. Noninvasive(More)
Little is known about how the brain binds together signals from multiple sensory modalities to produce unified percepts of objects and events in the external world. Using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in humans, we measured transient brain responses to auditory/visual binding, as evidenced by a sound-induced change in visual(More)
Functional imaging studies of the cerebellum have mostly investigated motor performance or have been limited to the anterior lobe and therefore the somatosensory representations in the human cerebellum have not been fully demonstrated. We used fMRI of the entire cerebellum during tactile stimulation of the hand and foot in six normal subjects. Our results(More)
Constraint-induced movement therapy (CI), a standardized intensive rehabilitation intervention, was given to patients a year or more following stroke. The goal was to determine if CI was more effective than a less-intensive control intervention in changing motor function and/or brain physiology and to gain insight into the mechanisms underlying this(More)
Timing has been proposed as a basic function of the cerebellar cortex (particularly the climbing fiber afferents and their sole source, the inferior olive) that explains the contribution of the cerebellum to both motor control and nonmotor cognitive functions. However, whether the olivo-cerebellar system mediates time perception without motor behavior(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) provides high-resolution, non-invasive estimates of neural activity detected by a blood oxygen level dependent signal by assessing the increase in blood flow to the local vasculature that accompanies neural activity in the brain. fMRI studies with standard hand motor test (index-thumb opposition, ITO, or pinch)(More)
The relevance of gluten sensitivity in sporadic and hereditary ataxia pathogenesis is unclear. The authors found high antigliadin antibody titers in 23 of 52 (44%) patients with Huntington's disease (HD), suggesting a previously unrecognized association between HD and gluten sensitivity. The results further question "gluten ataxia" as a distinct disease(More)
The unique anatomical and electrophysiological features of the inferior olive and its importance to cerebellar function have been recognized for decades. However, understanding the exact function of the inferior olive has been limited by the general lack of correlation between its neural activity and specific behavioral states. Electrophysiological studies(More)