Learn More
—Vehicle-to-anything (V2X) communications refer to information exchange between a vehicle and various elements of the intelligent transportation system, including other vehicles, pedestrians, Internet gateways, and transport infrastructure (such as traffic lights and signs). The technology has a great potential of enabling a variety of novel applications(More)
The aims of this study were to study the influence of the duration of diabetes, the role of endothelial-derived vasodilators, and the role of phosphodiesterase (PDE) isoform activity in the early changes in vascular reactivity of aortic rings from diabetic rats. Diabetes mellitus was induced in female rats by intravenous streptozotocin (85 mg/kg). Two or 4(More)
A vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) is a promising addition to our future intelligent transportation systems, which supports various safety and infotainment applications. The high node mobility and frequent topology changes in VANETs impose new challenges in maintaining a long-lasting connection between network nodes. As a result, the lifetime of(More)
Abboud et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Canada License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Abstract—This paper presents mathematical modeling and analysis for the total delay in disseminating safety messages in(More)
Node clustering is a potential approach to improve the scalability of networking protocols in vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs). High relative vehicle mobility and frequent topology changes inflict new challenges on maintaining stable clusters. As a result, cluster stability is a crucial measure of the efficiency of clustering algorithms for VANETs. This(More)
—Node clustering is a potential approach to improve the scalability of networking protocols in vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs). High relative vehicle mobility and frequent network topology changes inflict new challenges on maintaining stable clusters. As a result, cluster stability is a crucial measure of the efficiency of clustering algorithms for(More)
Node clustering is an effective approach to improve scalability of network protocols in wireless communications. In this paper, we analyze the effect of the cluster structure on the average routing overhead for a wireless ad hoc network where nodes are distributed along a line. The cluster size and the overlapping range between clusters that achieve minimum(More)