Khachik K. Muradian

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The negative relation between metabolism and life span is a fundamental gerontological discovery well documented in a variety of ontogenetic and phylogenetic models. But how the long-lived species and populations sustain lower metabolic rate and, in more general terms, what is the efficient way to decline the metabolism? The suggested ‘pull and push back’(More)
Samples of 7-8 microl of aqueous solution of L-[(14C)]leucine (spec. act. 12543 MBq/mmol) were introduced in the zone of the ventral horn (L(5)-L(6)) of the spinal cord of adult (8-12 month) and old (26-28 month) male Wistar rats. The radioactivity of all 3-mm parts of the corresponding ventral roots was measured. Anabolic hormones (including sex steroids(More)
Understanding the main factors that determine variation in species longevity may provide a clue into the leading mechanisms of aging and—what is even more important—outline the key targets for longevity-promoting interventions. Comparative studies on longevity in mammals revealed numerous variables that correlate with maximum lifespan (MLS). However,(More)
Mitochondria are the only organelles in the animal cells that have their own genome. Due to a key role in energy production, generation of damaging factors (ROS, heat), and apoptosis, mitochondria and mtDNA in particular have long been considered one of the major players in the mechanisms of aging, longevity and age-related diseases. The rapidly increasing(More)
Many mutations that extend the lifespan of the lower organisms such as C. elegans and Drosophila, are associated with signaling or apoptotic pathways. Recently, such a possibility was shown in mammals: p66ShcA-deficient mice were more resistant to oxidative stress and lived longer than the wild-type animals [Migliaccio, E., Giorgio, M., Mele, S., Pelicci,(More)
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