Khê Hoang-Xuan

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PURPOSE Unexpected mutations affecting the isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH1) gene at codon 132 have been found in 12% of glioblastomas. PATIENTS AND METHODS IDH1 codon 132 sequencing was performed in a series of 404 patients with glioma (100 grade 2, 121 grade 3, and 183 grade 4 gliomas) and correlated with histology, genomic profile, methylguanyl(More)
The most frequent primary brain tumours in adults are gliomas and primary CNS lymphomas. In gliomas, molecular genetic analysis plays an increasing part in classification and treatment planning, a feature well illustrated by the chemosensitive oligodendrogliomas. Unfortunately, management of glioblastoma is still mainly palliative. Incidence of primary CNS(More)
To identify risk variants for glioma, we conducted a meta-analysis of two genome-wide association studies by genotyping 550K tagging SNPs in a total of 1,878 cases and 3,670 controls, with validation in three additional independent series totaling 2,545 cases and 2,953 controls. We identified five risk loci for glioma at 5p15.33 (rs2736100, TERT; P = 1.50 ×(More)
PURPOSE Anaplastic oligodendroglioma are chemotherapy-sensitive tumors. We now present the long-term follow-up findings of a randomized phase III study on the addition of six cycles of procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine (PCV) chemotherapy to radiotherapy (RT). PATIENTS AND METHODS Adult patients with newly diagnosed anaplastic oligodendroglial(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is a monogenic dominantly inherited disease predisposing carriers to develop nervous system tumours. To identify the genetic defect, the region between two flanking polymorphic markers on chromosome 22 was cloned and several genes identified. One is the site of germ-line mutations in NF2 patients and of somatic mutations in(More)
BACKGROUND Standard therapy for newly diagnosed glioblastoma is radiotherapy plus temozolomide. In this phase 3 study, we evaluated the effect of the addition of bevacizumab to radiotherapy-temozolomide for the treatment of newly diagnosed glioblastoma. METHODS We randomly assigned patients with supratentorial glioblastoma to receive intravenous(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the predictive impact of chromosome 1p/19q deletions on the response and outcome of progressive low-grade gliomas (LGG) treated with up-front temozolomide (TMZ) chemotherapy. METHODS Adult patients with measurable, progressive LGG (WHO grade II) treated with TMZ delivered at the conventional schedule (200 mg/m(2)/day for 5(More)
OBJECTIVES Recent studies have shown that IDH1 and IDH2 mutations occur frequently in gliomas, including low-grade gliomas. However, their impact on the prognosis and chemosensitivity of low-grade gliomas remains unclear. METHODS Search for IDH1 and IDH2 mutations, loss of heterozygosity on chromosomes 1p and 19q, MGMT promoter methylation, and p53(More)
BACKGROUND Diffuse infiltrative low-grade gliomas of the cerebral hemispheres in the adult are a group of tumors with distinct clinical, histological and molecular characteristics, and there are still controversies in management. METHODS The scientific evidence of papers collected from the literature was evaluated and graded according to EFNS guidelines,(More)
BACKGROUND Recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is resistant to most therapeutic endeavors, with low response rates and survival rarely exceeding six months. There are no clearly established chemotherapeutic regimens and the aim of treatment is palliation with improvement in the quality of life. PATIENTS AND METHODS We report an open-label,(More)