Learn More
Tylvalosin, a new broad-spectrum, third-generation macrolides, may exert a variety of pharmacological activities. Here, we report on its anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activity in RAW 264.7 macrophages and mouse treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as well as piglet challenged with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV).(More)
Quinocetone (QCT) has been widely used as an animal growth promoter in China. However, amounts of available data indicated that QCT probably had potential toxicity. The present study was aimed to investigate the genotoxicity, mitochondrial damage and apoptosis in HepG2 cells for QCT and its metabolites, DQCT and MQCA. QCT has seriously cytotoxic to HepG2(More)
In this study, the adjuvant activity of sulfated glucan from saccharomyces cerevisiae (SGSC) was investigated. sGSC had molecular weight of 12.9kDa and degrees of sulfation of 0.16. The effects of SGSC on the splenic lymphocyte cells of mice were measured in vitro. The results showed that SGSC could significantly promote lymphocyte proliferation singly or(More)
Nitromezuril (NZL) is a novel triazine compound that exhibits remarkable anticoccidial activity. However, mutagenicity and genotoxicity of NZL have not been evaluated to date. This study evaluated the potential risks of NZL by testing for bacterial reverse mutation (Ames), mouse sperm abnormality (SA), bone marrow micronucleus (MN) and chromosomal(More)
Cordyceps militaris polysaccharide (CMP) was prepared by water decoction and ethanol precipitation. The fractional CMP40 and CMP50 were extracted from the CMP solution by stepwise precipitation with ethanol at 40% and 50% of working concentration, respectively. The immune-enhancing activities of two polysaccharides were researched. In vitro experiment, the(More)
Quinoxaline-1,4-dioxides, widely used as medicinal feed additives as antibacterial growth promoters, have been shown to exert diverse toxicities. Their toxicities are hypothesized to be closely related to the formation of N-oxide reductive metabolites. 1,4-Bisdesoxyquinocetone and MQCA are important N-oxide reductive metabolites of quinocetone or(More)
Quinocetone, a new quinoxaline 1,4-dioxide derivative used in food-producing animals in China, exerts genotoxic effects on HepG2 cells. It triggers significant cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in vitro, but the detailed mechanism by which quinocetone induces adverse biological effects is not yet known. We analyzed the mechanisms behind quinocetone intoxication(More)
A rapid, sensitive and specific liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization (ESI) tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS) method has been developed for the identification of nitazoxanide metabolites in goat plasma and urine. The purified samples was separated using an XTerra MS C8 column with the mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile and 10-mM ammonium(More)
The anticoccidial efficacy of 2-(3-methyl-4-(4-nitrophenoxy)phenyl)-1,2,4-triazine-3,5(2H,4H)-dione (nitromezuril, NZL), a novel triazine compound, was evaluated in three different studies under experimental conditions. The anticoccidial efficacy was chiefly evaluated using the anticoccidial index (ACI). The resistance level was determined by calculating(More)
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) has a significant impact on public health. An estimated three billion people in 'at-risk’ regions remain unvaccinated and the number of unvaccinated individuals in certain Asian countries is increasing. Consequently, there is an urgent need for the development of novel therapeutic agents against Japanese encephalitis.(More)