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By incorporating the solvent effect into the Born effective radius, we have proposed an electronegativity scale of metal ions in aqueous solution with the most common oxidation states and hydration coordination numbers in terms of the effective ionic electrostatic potential. It is found that the metal ions in aqueous solution are poorer electron acceptors(More)
On the basis of the bond-valence model (BVM) and structure-map technology, the structural stability and formability of ABO(3)-type perovskite compounds were investigated in 376 ABO(3)-type compounds. A new criterion of structural stability for ABO(3)-type perovskite compounds has been established by the bond-valence calculated tolerance factors, which are(More)
We show that electronegativity can be used to effectively identify the hardness of crystal materials on the basis of a new microscopic model for hardness. Bond electronegativity is proposed to characterize the electron-holding energy of a bond, which is the intrinsic origin of hardness. Applying this model to c-BC(2)N materials, we confirm the proper bond(More)
The electronegativities of 82 elements in different valence states and with the most common coordination numbers have been quantitatively calculated on the basis of an effective ionic potential defined by the ionization energy and ionic radius. It is found that for a given cation, the electronegativity increases with increasing oxidation state and decreases(More)
Single-crystalline nanoporous Nb2O5 nanotubes were fabricated by a two-step solution route, the growth of uniform single-crystalline Nb2O5 nanorods and the following ion-assisted selective dissolution along the [001] direction. Nb2O5 tubular structure was created by preferentially etching (001) crystallographic planes, which has a nearly homogeneous(More)
A facile and reversible phase-transfer protocol for luminescent ZnO quantum dots (QDs) between methanol and hexane is presented. Oleylamine together with acetic acid trigger this reversible phase-transfer process, during which the structure and optical properties of the ZnO QDs are well-protected. ZnO QDs with a diameter of approximately 5 nm emit yellow(More)
A series of MIL-53(Fe)-type materials, Fe(BDC)(DMF,F), were prepared by using different ratios of n(FeCl3)/n(FeCl2), which have varied amounts of Fe(2+) in their frameworks. From FeCl3 to FeCl2, the structures of the synthesized samples transform from MIL-53(Fe) to Fe(BDC)(DMF,F). Along with this structure transformation, the crystal morphology goes through(More)
By considering a first-order variation in electroaccepting and electrodonating powers, ω±, induced by a change from gas to aqueous solution phase, the solvent effect on ω± for charged ions is examined. The expression of electroaccepting and electrodonating powers in the solution phase, ω±s, is obtained through establishing the quantitative relationship(More)
A simple and rapid quantitative UPLC-MS/MS method for simultaneous determination of picfeltarraenins IA and IB in rat plasma was developed and validated in accordance with the US FDA Bioanalytical Guidance (2001). Analytes were extracted from rat plasma by using methanol and separated on Agilent ZORBAX SB-C18 (50mm×2.1mm, 1.8μm) column by using a mobile(More)
A rapid and sensitive LC-MS/MS method with good accuracy and precision was developed and validated for the pharmacokinetic study of quercetin-3-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-7-O-β-d-gentiobioside (QGG) in Sprague-Dawley rats. Plasma samples were simply precipitated by methanol and then analyzed by LC-MS/MS. A Venusil® ASB C18 column (2.1 × 50 mm, i.d. 5 μm) was used(More)