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Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most commonly isolated organisms in nosocomial infections. While the prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) continues to increase worldwide, there is concern about an increase in vancomycin MICs among S. aureus strains. The prevalence of MRSA and vancomycin MIC trends in S. aureus from patients in a(More)
The spread of antimicrobial resistance among Enterobacteriaceae is a significant clinical threat. We report the first case of an Enterobacteriaceae strain harboring the NDM-1 metallo-β-lactamase in a pediatric patient in the United States. We describe strategies for the detection of this novel resistance mechanism encountered in an isolate of Klebsiella(More)
Ceftazidime-avibactam is the first antimicrobial approved by the U.S. FDA for the treatment of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae. Avibactam, a non-β-lactam β-lactamase inhibitor, inactivates class A serine carbapenemases, including Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC). We report a KPC-producing K. pneumoniae isolate resistant to(More)
In June 2000, vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA) was isolated from a 27-year-old home health-care patient following a complicated cholecystectomy. Two VISA strains were identified with identical MICs to all antimicrobials tested except oxacillin and with closely related pulsed-field gel electrophoresis types. The patient was treated(More)
The clinical microbiology laboratory plays a critical role in the detection of Staphylococcus aureus with decreased susceptibility to vancomycin. Staff education and rapid laboratory response are of utmost importance. We report on our laboratory's experience and provide recommendations for the identification and confirmation of vancomycin-intermediate S.(More)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) meningitis is associated with a high mortality rate. Treatment is challenging in patients with allergy to vancomycin. Herein, we describe a case of MRSA bacteremia secondary to medical device infection with MRSA that was complicated by MRSA meningitis. This case provides evidence for a possible role of(More)
We report the isolation of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 4 from synovial tissue obtained from an 80-year-old female with chronic swelling of her right metacarpophalangeal joint. Synovial tissue infections caused by L. pneumophila are rare. Interestingly, this isolate was recovered from chocolate agar after 5 days of incubation.
We report the first pediatric case of enteric fever caused by Salmonella enterica serotypes Typhi and Paratyphi A. Mixed infections are infrequently reported, potentially because detection of two different Salmonella serotypes in blood cultures is technically challenging. We suggest laboratory strategies to aid in the recognition of mixed infections.
Legionella-like bacteria were isolated from the respiratory tract of two patients in California, USA, and South Australia, but were not thought to cause disease. These bacteria, strains F2632 and IMVS-3376(T), were found to have identical Legionella macrophage infectivity potentiator (mip) gene sequences and were therefore further characterized to determine(More)