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The cytoplasmic dynein 1 cargo binding domain is formed by five subunits including the intermediate chain and the DYNLT, DYNLL, and DYNLRB light chain families. Six isoforms of the intermediate chain and two isoforms of each of the light chain families have been identified in mammals. There is evidence that different subunit isoforms are involved in(More)
Over the past several decades, recombinant human bone morphogenetic proteins (rhBMPs) have been the most extensively studied and widely used osteoinductive agents for clinical bone repair. Since rhBMP-2 and rhBMP-7 were cleared by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for certain clinical uses, millions of patients worldwide have been treated with rhBMPs(More)
The tumor suppressor protein p53 is known to undergo cytoplasmic dynein-dependent nuclear translocation in response to DNA damage. However, the molecular link between p53 and the minus end-directed microtubule motor dynein complex has not been described. We report here that the 8-kDa light chain (LC8) of dynein binds to p53-binding protein 1 (53BP1). The(More)
The retrograde transport of Trk-containing endosomes from the axon to the cell body by cytoplasmic dynein is necessary for axonal and neuronal survival. We investigated the recruitment of dynein to signaling endosomes in rat embryonic neurons and PC12 cells. We identified a novel phosphoserine on the dynein intermediate chains (ICs), and we observed a(More)
Cytoplasmic dynein is the motor protein responsible for the intracellular transport of various organelles and other cargoes toward microtubule minus ends. However, it remains to be determined how dynein is regulated to accomplish its varied roles. The dynein complex contains six subunits, including three classes of light chains. The two isoforms of the(More)
The 8-kDa light chain of dynein (DLC8) is ubiquitously expressed in various cell types. Other than serving as a light chain of the dynein complexes, this highly conserved protein has been shown to bind a larger number of proteins with diverse biological functions. DLC8 forms a homodimer via three-dimensional domain swapping of an internal beta-strand (the(More)
Delivering drugs specifically to bone tissue is very challenging due to the architecture and structure of bone tissue. Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)-based nanoparticles (NPs) hold great promise for the delivery of therapeutics to bone tissue. The goal of the present research was to formulate a PLGA-based NP drug delivery system for bone tissue(More)
Cytoplasmic dynein 1 is a multi-subunit motor protein responsible for microtubule minus end-directed transport in axons. The cytoplasmic dynein intermediate chain subunit has a scaffold-like role in the dynein complex; it directly binds to four of the other five subunits, the heavy chain and the three light chains. The intermediate chain also binds the p150(More)
Clinicians and scientists working in the field of regenerative engineering are actively investigating a wide range of methods to promote musculoskeletal tissue regeneration. Small-molecule-mediated tissue regeneration is emerging as a promising strategy for regenerating various musculoskeletal tissues and a large number of small-molecule compounds have been(More)
Osteoblastic differentiation is an important landmark for bone formation, bone repair and regeneration; however, it is a very complex process controlled by different signalling mechanisms. Several groups have reported that the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) signalling system is responsible for regulating osteoblast cell differentiation. Nonetheless,(More)