Kevin W . Finkel

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BACKGROUND Citrate anticoagulation is commonly used for continuous venovenous hemodialysis (CVVHD) to minimize the risk of bleeding complications. We have previously reported a liver failure patient undergoing citrate-based CVVHD with elevated serum total to ionized calcium ratio. Diminished liver metabolism of citrate with resultant elevated systemic(More)
The mortality rate for patients with acute renal failure (ARF) remains unacceptably high. Although dialysis removes waste products and corrects fluid imbalance, it does not perform the absorptive, metabolic, endocrine, and immunologic functions of normal renal tubule cells. The renal tubule assist device (RAD) is composed of a conventional hemofilter lined(More)
PURPOSE To determine the efficacy of minocycline-rifampin-coated hemodialysis catheters in reducing catheter-related infections in patients requiring hemodialysis for acute renal failure. METHODS Between May 2000 and March 2002, 66 patients were randomly assigned to receive a minocycline-rifampin-impregnated central venous catheter and 64 were randomly(More)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is characterized by deterioration in kidney function resulting in multisystem abnormalities. Much of the morbidity and mortality associated with AKI result from a systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). This study described herein is a prospective, single-arm, multicenter US study designed to evaluate the safety and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Despite significant advances in the epidemiology of acute kidney injury (AKI), prognostication remains a major clinical challenge. Unfortunately, no reliable method to predict renal recovery exists. The discovery of biomarkers to aid in clinical risk prediction for recovery after AKI would represent a significant advance over(More)
The pharmacokinetics of intravenous itraconazole (ITC) was studied in dialysis patients. Dialysis had no effect on the half-life and clearance of ITC or OH-ITC. However, dialysis allowed the clearance of hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-beta-CD). The area under the concentration-time curve from time zero to infinity (AUC(0- infinity)) for HP-beta-CD(More)
Declining kidney function has been associated with adverse hospital outcome in cancer patients. ICU literature suggests that small changes in serum creatinine are associated with poor outcome. We hypothesized that reductions in renal function previously considered trivial would predict a poor outcome in critically ill patients with malignant disease. We(More)
BACKGROUND Acute tubular necrosis (ATN) occurs commonly in critically ill patients and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Fenoldopam is a dopamine receptor alpha1-specific agonist that increases renal blood flow in patients with kidney failure. We hypothesized that administration of low-dose fenoldopam during early ATN would decrease the(More)
Chronic kidney disease is a common occurrence in patients with gynecological cancer. Systemic anticancer treatment in such patients is a challenge for clinicians because of altered drug pharmacokinetics. For those drugs that are excreted mainly by the kidneys, decreased renal function may lead to increased systemic exposure and increased toxicity. Dose(More)