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—Modern parallel filesystems such as Lustre are designed to provide high, scalable I/O bandwidth in response to growing I/O requirements; however, the bursty I/O characteristics of many data-intensive scientific applications make it difficult for back-end parallel filesystems to efficiently handle I/O requests. A burst buffer system, through which data can(More)
In today's "Big Data" era, developers have adopted I/O techniques such as MPI-IO, Parallel NetCDF and HDF5 to garner enough performance to manage the vast amount of data that scientific applications require. These I/O techniques offer parallel access to shared datasets and together with a set of optimizations such as data sieving and two-phase I/O to boost(More)
Electrical heat sources implanted in the abdominal cavities of sheep were heated to give initial temperatures of 42 degrees and 45 degrees C at the surfaces of the heaters. During 18 days of constant heating, a vascularized connective-tissue envelope encapsulated the heat sources, and the temperatures at the surfaces of the heaters declined 0.8 degrees and(More)