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This study investigated whether individual differences in working memory (WM) span are associated with different WM management strategies during the reading of expository text. In Experiment 1, probe questions were presented on line during reading to determine whether thematic information was maintained in WM throughout comprehension. The data indicated(More)
The distal component of the talo-crural joint, the talus, was compared, using geometric morphometrics, in 219 specimens from nine extant taxa to identify differences in shape and the factors influencing them. The specimens were laser scanned, digitally reconstructed, and landmarked. The whole talus, proximal and distal articular facet subgroups were(More)
The appositional articular morphology of the talo-crural joint is the third component of the joint complex. It is a site of internal integration of this highly stable functional evolutionary unit. Prior studies of the other two components, tibia and talus, demonstrated that substrate preference influenced their articular shape. This effect was unrelated to(More)
The upper ankle joint forms a single articular plane between organism and the foot and substrate. Singular warp analysis shows that its shape reflects substrate use. This study explores whether the differences in shape are genetic with a developmental trajectory evident during ontogeny or epigenetic and the result of substrate use by the individual. A total(More)
Acute right ventricular (RV) hypertension and failure occur clinically. In this study we examined the mechanism of RV failure. Adult dogs were studied acutely under anesthesia; dogs were instrumented for measurement of pressures and right coronary artery blood flow. Myocardial blood flow and cardiac output were determined with radionuclide-labeled(More)
To assess superior vena caval (SVC) obstruction after the Mustard operation for transposition of the great arteries, we performed two-dimensional contrast echocardiography (2-D contrast echo) in 18 patients, ages 1-9 years. Sterile saline was injected into a peripheral scalp or arm vein while the junction of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and the systemic(More)
Repair of aortico--left ventricular tunnel was accomplished for the first time in the neonatal period. The diagnosis was made with two-dimensional echocardiography. Repair was accomplished using an open-patch aortoplasty technique, which prevented valvular insufficiency, a significant problem in older patients in whom the repair has been attempted.
Key words: phenotypic plasticity, effect of use on Hominoid ankle shape, effect of habitat on behavior. The hominin fossil record is punctuated by variation and rapid change in talo-crural articular joint shape. Prior studies in a diverse Catarrhine sample using Singular Warp analysis has revealed that similar shape is observed across superfamilies due to(More)
In three newborn infants with infradiaphragmatic total anomalous pulmonary venous connection, the common pulmonary vein was visualized with two-dimensional echocardiography and validated with saline contrast injections. The transducer was placed in the subcostal region in a sagittal body plane so as to image the descending aorta and the vertebral column.(More)
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