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Spike train coherence is used to characterize common inputs that drive motor unit synchronization. However, data segmentation, overlap, and taper can affect coherence magnitude, thereby influencing the incidence at which significant coherence is detected. Also, the effect of spike train firing rate and common input variability on the detection of(More)
External perturbations applied to the walking surface or visual field can challenge an individual's ability to maintain stability during walking. Accurately quantifying and predicting changes in stability during walking will further our understanding of how individuals respond to challenges encountered during daily life and guide the development of(More)
Compared to static balance, dynamic balance requires a more complex strategy that goes beyond keeping the center of mass (COM) within the base of support, as established by the range of foot center of pressure (COP) displacement. Instead, neuromechanics must accommodate changing support conditions and inertial effects. Therefore, because they represent(More)
Motor units discharge at variable rates and thereby produce spike trains that are inherently nonstationary. For signal analysis techniques that assume data stationarity, such as those for detecting and quantifying coherence and short-term synchronization (STS), nonstationarity presents a potential source of inaccuracy. If coherence and STS indices are(More)
Falls during walking are a major contributor to accidental deaths and injuries that can result in debilitating hospitalization costs, lost productivity, and diminished quality of life. To reduce these losses, we must develop a more profound understanding of the characteristic responses to perturbations similar to those encountered in daily life. This study(More)
A number of studies have examined the synchronization of central and peripheral spike trains by applying signal analysis techniques in the time and frequency domains. These analyses can reveal the presence of one or more common neural inputs that produce synchronization. However, synchronization measurements can fluctuate significantly due to the inherent(More)
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