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Investigations of respiratory illnesses and infections in Tecumseh, Michigan, USA, were carried out in two phases, together covering 11 years. During the second phase, there were 5363 person-years of observation. Respiratory illness rates in both males and females peaked in the 1-2 year age group and fell thereafter. Adult females had more frequent(More)
OBJECTIVE The World Health Organization (WHO) recently adopted thyroid volume ultrasonography results from European schoolchildren as the international reference for assessing iodine deficiency disorders. Our objective was to describe thyroid volumes measured by ultrasonography in US and Bangladeshi schoolchildren and compare these with European(More)
Four issues in the use and interpretation of anthropometry are discussed at the level of the population and of the individual. The first issue is the index or indices of choice: weight-for-height versus height-for-age versus weight-for-age. The selection of an index or indices depends upon many factors, and no one index is completely adequate in all(More)
OBJECTIVES Data from the Tecumseh Community Health Study were used to estimate excess morbidity owing to influenza, and results were compared with estimates made previously using different methodology for an Institute of Medicine report. METHODS Study participants from Tecumseh, Michigan, were classified as infected or noninfected based on laboratory(More)
To determine the effectiveness of a new tissue adhesive, 2-Octylcyanoacrylate (2-OCA), for laceration repair, 83 children presenting to T.C. Thompson Children's Hospital Emergency Department with lacerations meeting eligibility requirements between February and June 1996 were randomized to receive 2-OCA or nonabsorbable sutures/staples. The length of time(More)
BACKGROUND Iron deficiency is estimated to impact more than 1.6 billion individuals worldwide, affecting child, maternal, and perinatal mortality. Iron supplementation, fortification, and dietary diversification are strategies to reduce the prevalence of iron deficiency. However, there are relatively few studies demonstrating the effectiveness of(More)
OBJECTIVES This study assessed the relation of iodine content of household water to thyroid size and urinary iodine excretion in an area with high iodine concentration in the water. METHODS The iodine content of household water and indicators of iodine status (thyroid size and urinary iodine level) were assessed in selected villages in Jiangsu Province,(More)
Consuming an adequate amount of iodine during pregnancy is critical for fetal neurologic development. Even a mild deficiency can impair cognitive ability. Important sources of iodine in the United States include dairy products and iodized salt. Although the U.S. population has traditionally been considered iodine sufficient, median urinary iodine(More)
Iodine deficiency has traditionally been associated with goiter and cretinism. More recently, iodine deficiency has been recognized as the leading worldwide cause of preventable intellectual impairment. Intellectual and neurologic deficits occur because of a lack of thyroid hormone during critical phases of brain development. More sensitive biologic tests(More)