Kevin R Hughes

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Intestinal strictures are frequent in Crohn's disease but not ulcerative colitis. We investigated the expression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta isoforms by isolated and cultured primary human intestinal myofibroblasts and the responsiveness of these cells and intestinal epithelial cells to TGF-beta isoforms. Normal intestinal myofibroblasts(More)
BACKGROUND Wnt signaling regulates intestinal epithelial stem cell function. Wnt ligands bind Frizzled (Fz) receptors and low-density lipoprotein-receptor-related protein (LRP) 5 and 6. Secreted Frizzled-related protein (SFRP) and Dickkopf families inhibit Wnt signaling. Our aim was to study expression of Wnt family of genes in isolated intestinal(More)
The nematode Trichinella spiralis induces pathological changes in the small intestine of the host, which are known to be controlled by immune and inflammatory mediators. The detail of this control has still to be completely understood. Mice deficient in interleukin 4 (IL-4) or in intestinal trefoil factor/trefoil family factor 3 (ITF/TFF3) were infected(More)
Stem cells have been identified in two locations in small intestinal crypts; those intercalated between Paneth cells and another population (which retains DNA label) are located above the Paneth cell zone, at cell position 4. Because of disadvantages associated with the use of DNA label, doxycycline-induced transient transgenic expression of histone 2B(More)
Colonic inflammation in Clostridium difficile infection is mediated by released toxins A and B. We investigated responses to C. difficile toxins A and B by isolated primary human colonic myofibroblasts, which represent a distinct subpopulation of mucosal cells that are normally located below the intestinal epithelium. Following incubation with either(More)
The aim of our studies was to investigate the expression of Toll-like receptor (TLR)-2 and TLR-4 (and in some studies TLR-5) in myofibroblasts and small and large intestinal crypt epithelial cells from control patients and those affected by Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Isolated and disaggregated crypt epithelial cells and monolayers of(More)
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