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The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) is the de facto interdomain routing protocol of the Internet. Although the performance of BGP has been historically acceptable, there are continuing concerns about its ability to meet the needs of the rapidly evolving Internet. A major limitation of BGP is its failure to adequately address security. Recent outages and(More)
The penetration of cellular networks worldwide and emergence of smart phones has led to a revolution in mobile content. Users consume diverse content when, for example, exchanging photos, playing games, browsing websites, and viewing multimedia. Current phone platforms provide protections for user privacy, the cellular radio, and the integrity of the OS(More)
Data provenance---a record of the origin and evolution of data in a system---is a useful tool for forensic analysis. However, existing provenance collection mechanisms fail to achieve sufficient breadth or fidelity to provide a holistic view of a system's operation over time. We present Hi-Fi, a kernel-level provenance system which leverages the Linux(More)
Mobile money, also known as branchless banking, brings much-needed financial services to the unbanked in the developing world. Leveraging ubiquitous cellular networks , these services are now being deployed as smart phone apps, providing an electronic payment infrastructure where alternatives such as credit cards generally do not exist. Although widely(More)
Attacks against Internet routing are increasing in number and severity. Contributing greatly to these attacks is the absence of <i>origin authentication</i>: there is no way to validate claims of address ownership or location. The lack of such services enables not only attacks by malicious entities, but indirectly allow seemingly inconsequential(More)
A secure computation protocol for a function f (x, y) must leak no information about inputs x, y during its execution ; thus it is imperative to compute the function f in a data-oblivious manner. Traditionally, this has been accomplished by compiling f into a boolean circuit. Previous approaches, however, have scaled poorly as the circuit size increases. We(More)
In a provenance-aware system, mechanisms gather and report metadata that describes the history of each object being processed on the system, allowing users to understand how data objects came to exist in their present state. However, while past work has demonstrated the usefulness of provenance, less attention has been given to securing provenance-aware(More)
BACKGROUND Several recent studies have demonstrated the use of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays for the investigation of intellectual disability, developmental delay, autism or congenital abnormalities. In addition to LogR 'copy number' data, these arrays provide SNP genotyping data for gene level autozygosity mapping, estimating low levels of(More)
Rootkits are now prevalent in the wild. Users affected by rootkits are subject to the abuse of their data and resources, often unknowingly. Suchmalware becomes even more dangerous when it is <i>persistent</i>-infected disk images allow the malware to exist across reboots and prevent patches or system repairs from being successfully applied. In this paper,(More)
Garbled circuits provide a powerful tool for jointly evaluating functions while preserving the privacy of each user's inputs. While recent research has made the use of this primitive more practical, such solutions generally assume that participants are symmetrically provisioned with massive computing resources. In reality, most people on the planet only(More)