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BACKGROUND The main aims of managing thoracolumbar fractures involve stabilization of traumatized regions, to promote vertebral healing or segmental fusion. Recently, percutaneous pedicle screw fixation has evolved as an alternative approach for the treatment of thoracolumbar fractures, aiming to minimize soft tissue injury and perioperative morbidity. A(More)
AIMS Adenosine administration after pulmonary vein (PV) isolation using radiofrequency, laser, and cryoablation can cause acute recovery of conduction to the PVs and predict atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence. This study evaluates whether ablation of dormant potentials post-adenosine administration following second-generation cryoballoon (CB-2G) ablation(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the performance of a test for breast cancer utilizing synchrotron x-ray diffraction analysis of scalp hair from women undergoing diagnostic radiology assessment. DESIGN AND SETTING A double-blinded clinical trial of women who attended diagnostic radiology clinics in Australia. PATIENTS 1796 women referred for diagnostic radiology,(More)
Few studies have reported the characteristics of Modic changes (MCs) in the cervical spine in contrast to the lumbar spine. The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of MCs in the cervical spine and to elucidate the relationship of MCs with spinal canal stenosis and angular motion. 437 consecutive, symptomatic patients with neck pain with or(More)
BACKGROUND Mitral regurgitation (MR) is the second most common valvular heart disease after aortic stenosis. Without intervention, prognosis is poor in patients with severe symptomatic MR. While surgical repair is recommended for many patients with severe degenerative MR (DMR), as many as 49% of patients do not qualify as they are at high surgical risk.(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature on reported outcomes following decompression surgery for spinal metastases. METHODS The authors conducted MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science database searches for studies reporting clinical outcomes and complications associated with decompression surgery for metastatic spinal(More)
BACKGROUND Sutureless aortic valve replacement (SU-AVR) has emerged as an innovative alternative for treatment of aortic stenosis. By avoiding the placement of sutures, this approach aims to reduce cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) duration and thereby improve surgical outcomes and facilitate a minimally invasive approach suitable for higher risk(More)
Degenerative disc and facet joint disease of the lumbar spine is common in the ageing population, and is one of the most frequent causes of disability. Lumbar spondylosis may result in mechanical back pain, radicular and claudicant symptoms, reduced mobility and poor quality of life. Surgical interbody fusion of degenerative levels is an effective treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) thymectomy is an increasingly utilized alternative to traditional open approaches for the resection of thymomas. Recent studies have suggested comparable survival and oncological efficacy as well as reduced perioperative morbidity when using the VATS approach. This current systematic review thus aimed(More)
STUDY DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis. OBJECTIVE To review and assess the current evidence from the literature on the potential association between disc infection with the development of symptomatic degenerative disc disease. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA The potential relationship between disc infection- and disc degeneration-related symptoms(More)