Kevin P O'Connell

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Bacteriophage MS2 is used in place of pathogenic viruses in a wide variety of studies that range from testing of compounds for disinfecting surfaces to studying environmental transport and fate of pathogenic viruses in groundwater. MS2 is also used as a pathogen simulant in the research, development, and testing (including open air tests) of methods,(More)
Type B strains of Rhizobium tropici induce severe foliar chlorosis when applied at planting to seeds of symbiotic host and non-host dicotyledonous plants. A Tn5-induced mutant, designated CT4812, or R. tropici strain CIAT899 that was unable to induce chlorosis was isolated. Cloning and sequencing of the DNA flanking the transposon in CT4812 revealed that(More)
A homolog of the major eubacterial cold shock gene cspA was identified in Sinorhizobium meliloti RM1021 by luxAB reporter transposon mutagenesis. Here we further characterize the organization and regulation of this locus. DNA sequence analysis indicated that the locus includes three open reading frames (ORFs) encoding homologs corresponding to CspA, a novel(More)
Staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) is among the most potent of the growing list of known enterotoxins produced by Staphylococcus aureus. SEA, a 27 kDa monomeric protein, is encoded by the entA gene. We have developed two real-time fluorogenic PCR assays for the detection of nucleic acid sequences in entA. The assays are useful in detecting and identifying(More)
Extracellular and intracellular neutral beta-1,2-linked D-glucan content was determined in a virulent, attachment-deficient mutants of Agrobacterium tumefaciens that map in the chvA locus. chvA mutants contained approximately the same amount of intracellular glucan as cells of the virulent control strain A759, but released into the culture medium only 2% of(More)
Ricin inhibits translation by removal of a specific adenine from 28S RNA. The Ricinus communis genome encodes seven full-length ricin family members. All encoded proteins have the ability of hydrolyzing adenine in 28S rRNA. As expected, these proteins also inhibited an in vitro transcription/translation system. These data show that the ricin gene family(More)
We previously reported that mutants of Sinorhizobium meliloti 1021 carrying luxAB insertions in each of the three 16S rRNA genes exhibited a dramatic (> or = 28-fold) increase in luminescence following a temperature downshift from 30 to 15 degrees C. These results raised the possibility that the rRNA operons (rrn) of S. meliloti were cold shock loci. In(More)
Rhizobium tropici CIAT899 induced chlorosis in the leaves of its symbiotic hosts, common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), siratro (Macroptilium atropurpureum Urb.), and Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit. Chlorosis induction by strains CIAT899 and CT9005, an exopolysaccharide-deficient mutant of CIAT899, required carbon substrate. When the bacteria were added(More)
Using a luxAB reporter transposon, seven mutants of Sinorhizobium meliloti were identified as containing insertions in four cold shock loci. LuxAB activity was strongly induced (25- to 160-fold) after a temperature shift from 30 to 15 degrees C. The transposon and flanking host DNA from each mutant was cloned, and the nucleic acid sequence of the insertion(More)
We describe here a strain of Yersinia pestis, G1670A, which exhibits a baseline mutation rate elevated 250-fold over wild-type Y. pestis. The responsible mutation, a C to T substitution in the mutS gene, results in the transition of a highly conserved leucine at position 689 to arginine (mutS(L689R)). When the MutSL 689R protein of G1670A was expressed in a(More)