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A novel method is described for the non line-of-sight coating of hydroxyapatite onto polyurethane reticulated foam and titanium discs. This utilises a biofilm of Serratia sp. NCIMB 40259 which, when challenged with a solution containing calcium chloride and phosphatase substrate, manufactures biofilm-bound material identified as hydroxyapatite by X-ray(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the technique of choice for measuring hydration, and its effects, during dissolution of tablets since it non-invasively maps (1)H nuclei associated with 'mobile' water. Although most studies have used MRI systems with high-field superconducting magnets, low-field laboratory-based instruments based on permanent magnet(More)
Hexavalent chromium, a carcinogen and mutagen, can be reduced to Cr(III) by Desulfovibrio vulgaris NCIMB 8303 and Microbacterium sp. NCIMB 13776. This study examined Cr(VI) reduction by immobilized cells of the two strains in a common solution matrix using various entrapment matrices. Chitosan and PVA-borate beads did not retain integrity and supported low(More)
This study demonstrates that a combination of bulk NMR and magnetic resonance imaging measurements of the T(2)-values of water protons can be used to determine the heat-induced changes in the structure and moisture content of fresh chicken meat which had been cooked in a convection oven at 200°C for a range of times. The gravimetric moisture content was(More)
"Biorelevant" media for the fed stomach, including fat emulsions, are routinely used during in vitro testing of solid dosage forms. However, their complexity undoubtedly creates difficulties in identifying factors which affect drug release. Here, we show fats can directly influence drug release from hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC; Methocel K4M)(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been used to visualise the major organs and muscular-skeletal frame-work of fresh rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) in two dimensions, and to identify the spatial distribution of lipid- and collagen-rich tissues. Quantitative MRI provides the MR parameters (T1, T2, M0, T1sat, Msat/M0, and the Magnetisation Transfer (MT)(More)
This article summarises the current status of, and future prospects for, the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to evaluate the texture of a range of foods, and changes therein which accompany pathogen infection, natural ageing, damage, ripening and processing. The basic concept is that the magnetic resonance parameters of water are sufficiently(More)
A range of temperature-sensitive MRI parameters of water (T2, T1, diffusion coefficient, and chemical shift) were evaluated to map in three dimensions the non-uniform temperature distributions induced by microwave heating in both model and real food systems. Phase mapping was found to be the most robust method, and evaluations of possible experimental(More)
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