Kevin P McGowan

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The reservoir of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in semen is unknown. Several lines of evidence suggest that semen HIV may not arise from the same reservoir of infection as peripheral blood. If true, the viral burden in the two compartments could be qualitatively and quantitatively different, a scenario of potentially profound significance for the design(More)
One restriction to the cultivation of common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris L., is its limited tolerance to low temperatures. In the present study, subtraction suppression hybridization was employed to enrich for stress responsive genes in both a chilling-susceptible common bean and a relatively more chilling-tolerant wild bean species, Phaseolus angustissimus.(More)
Massively parallel pyrosequencing allows sensitive deep sequencing to detect molecular aberrations. Thus far, data are limited on the technical performance in a clinical diagnostic setting. Here, we investigated as an international consortium the robustness, precision and reproducibility of amplicon next-generation deep sequencing across 10 laboratories in(More)
Lysates of the protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica altered active electrolyte transport when present on the serosal surface of rabbit ileum and rat colon. The lysate-induced effects on electrolyte transport were similar to those caused by serotonin, and were blocked by bufotenine, an analog known to inhibit the action of serotonin. The transport(More)
The efficacy of cefoxitin, either alone or in combination (+/-) with an aminoglycoside was compared with clindamycin plus (+), an aminoglycoside for the treatment of mixed aerobic-anaerobic surgical infections, in a prospective randomized single blinded study. One hundred patients were entered into the study; 37 patients were assessable for clinical outcome(More)
We have previously shown that Entamoeba histolytica lysates contain the neurohormones serotonin, neurotensin, immunoreactive substance P, and probably acetylcholine, and that amebic lysates inhibit sodium and chloride absorption and stimulate chloride secretion in the rat descending colon as measured by the Ussing chamber-voltage clamp technique. We now(More)
An adherence test was developed with human ileal cells isolated from patients with a long-standing ileostomy by saline lavage through the stoma. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli isolated from humans bound to the human ileal cells to a greater extent (1.2 x 10(6) bacteria bound) than did control E. coli strains, including K99 pili antigen-producing strains(More)
Microarray expression profiling has revolutionised the way that many therapeutic targets have been identified over the past 10 years. High-density microarrays have allowed scientists to simultaneously scrutinise the expression of all genes encoded on a given genome. Although the data collected from classically designed microarrays greatly enriched the pool(More)
A heat-labile cytotoxin was isolated from virulent strains of axenically cultivated Entamoeba histolytica. Strains of E. histolytica representing a spectrum of virulence as determined in animal and in vitro models of disease were examined for cytotoxic activity. Extracts of virulent strain HM1 possessed marked cytotoxic activity, those of moderately(More)