Kevin P Delaney

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BACKGROUND Since 2002, the US Food and Drug Administration has approved 6 rapid human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) tests for use in the United States. To date, there has been no direct comparison of the performance of all 6 tests. METHODS Persons known to be HIV-infected and persons who sought HIV testing at 2 clinical sites in Los Angeles, California,(More)
BACKGROUND In March 2004, the OraQuick rapid HIV antibody test became the first rapid HIV test approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for use on oral fluid specimens. Test results are available in 20 minutes, and the oral fluid test is non-invasive. From August 2004-June 2005, we investigated a sudden increase in false-positive results occurring in(More)
BACKGROUND There is a paucity of data on the national population-level effectiveness of preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programmes in high-HIV-prevalence, resource-limited settings. We assessed national PMTCT impact in South Africa (SA), 2010. METHODS A facility-based survey was conducted using a stratified multistage, cluster sampling(More)
BACKGROUND Mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) depends on the timing of HIV infection. We estimated HIV-seroconversion during pregnancy (HSP) after having a HIV-negative result antenatally, and its contribution to early MTCT in South Africa (SA). METHODS AND FINDINGS Between August 2011 and March 2012, we recruited a nationally representative(More)
OBJECTIVE Examine whether false-positive HIV enzyme immunoassay (EIA) test results occur more frequently among pregnant women than among women who are not pregnant and men (others). DESIGN To obtain a large number of pregnant women and others tested for HIV, we identified specimens tested at a national laboratory using Genetic Systems HIV-1/HIV-2 Plus O(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the prevalence of and factors associated with potentially unnecessary repeat confirmatory testing after initial HIV diagnosis and the relationship of repeat testing to medical care engagement. DESIGN South Carolina HIV/AIDS surveillance data for 12,504 individuals who were newly diagnosed with HIV infection between January 1997 and(More)
As part of the PRINTER family of Output Delivery System destinations the ODS PDF (Portable Document format) destination is designed to produce output formatted to best fit on a page for printing. The default style attributes for ODS PDF are adequate for many presentations, but there are also several options that can make your report more aesthetically(More)
Program guidance intended for use by CDC-funded HIV testing providers in nonclinical settings. HIV testing providers not funded by CDC may also find this information useful. ACRONYMS AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome ANC antenatal care ART antiretroviral therapy ARTAS antiretroviral treatment and access to services CBA capacity building assistance(More)
Background.  In the United States, public health recommendations for men who have sex with men (MSM) include testing for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) at least annually. We model the impact of different possible HIV testing policies on HIV incidence in a simulated population parameterized to represent US MSM. Methods.  We used exponential random graph(More)