Kevin P. Bateman

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Microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 (mPGES-1) is an inducible protein recently shown to be an important source of inflammatory PGE2. Here we have used mPGES-1 wild type, heterozygote, and null mice to assess the impact of reduction or absence mPGES-1 protein on the production of PGE2 and other prostaglandins in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated macrophages(More)
Recently, a novel nonfluorescent probe 3-[2-(N,N-diethyl-N-methylammonium)-ethyl]-7-methoxy-4-methylcoumarin (AMMC), which produces a fluorescent metabolite AMHC (3-[2-(N,N-diethyl-N-methylammonium)ethyl]-7-hydroxy-4-methylcoumarin) was used with microsomes containing recombinant enzymes (rCYP) to monitor CYP2D6 inhibition in a microtiter plate assay. This(More)
Metabolite identification studies involve the detection and structural characterization of the biotransformation products of drug candidates. These experiments are necessary throughout the drug discovery and development process. The use of high-resolution chromatography and high-resolution mass spectrometry together with data processing using mass defect(More)
Polyaromatic quinones, such as the environmental pollutants 9,10-phenanthrenediones, elicit a wide range of responses including growth inhibition, immune suppression, and glucose normalization in diabetic models. Yet the molecular mechanisms behind these effects remain controversial. Here we report that many of them are oxygen-dependent and catalytic(More)
Recent changes in the regulatory environment have led to a need for new methods to assess circulating human drug metabolites in early clinical studies with respect to their potential toxicological impact. The specific goals of such studies are to determine if the metabolites present in human plasma following administration of a drug candidate also are(More)
The removal of bottlenecks in discovery stage metabolite identification studies is an ongoing challenge for the pharmaceutical industry. We describe the use of an 'All-in-One' approach to metabolite characterization that leverages the fast scanning and high mass accuracy of hybrid quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (QqToFMS) instruments. Full-scan(More)
A microdose cocktail containing midazolam, dabigatran etexilate, pitavastatin, rosuvastatin, and atorvastatin has been established to allow simultaneous assessment of a perpetrator impact on the most common drug metabolizing enzyme, cytochrome P450 (CYP)3A, and the major transporters organic anion-transporting polypeptides (OATP)1B, breast cancer resistance(More)
The discovery of the potent and selective prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) receptor (DP) antagonist [(3R)-4-(4-chlorobenzyl)-7-fluoro-5-(methylsulfonyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydrocyclopenta[b]indol-3-yl]-acetic acid (13) is presented. Initial lead antagonists 6 and 7 were found to be potent and selective DP antagonists (DP Ki = 2.0 nM for each); however, they both suffered(More)
Some DP1 receptor antagonists from an indole-containing series were shown to cause in vitro covalent binding to protein in rat and human liver microsomes. Glutathione trapping experiments along with in vitro labeling assays confirmed that the presence of a strong electron withdrawing group was necessary to abrogate in vitro covalent binding, leading to the(More)
Protein covalent labeling can be an undesirable property of compounds being studied in drug discovery programs. Identifying such compounds relies on the use of radiolabeled material, which requires an investment in time and resources not typically expended until later in the discovery process. We describe the detection of covalent adducts to cytochrome P450(More)