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Granule membrane protein-140 (GMP-140), a membrane glycoprotein of platelet and endothelial cell secretory granules, is rapidly redistributed to the plasma membrane during cellular activation and degranulation. Also known as PADGEM protein, GMP-140 is structurally related to two molecules involved in leukocyte adhesion to vascular endothelium: ELAM-1, a(More)
P-selectin (CD62, GMP-140, PADGEM), a Ca(2+)-dependent lectin on activated platelets and endothelium, functions as a receptor for myeloid cells by interacting with sialylated, fucosylated lactosaminoglycans. P-selectin binds to a limited number of protease-sensitive sites on myeloid cells, but the protein(s) that carry the glycans recognized by P-selectin(More)
Human blood monocytes adhere rapidly and for prolonged periods to activated platelets that display P-selectin, an adhesion protein that recognizes a specific ligand on leukocytes, P-selectin glycoprotein-1. We previously demonstrated that P-selectin regulates expression and secretion of cytokines by stimulated monocytes when it is presented in a purified,(More)
Leukocytes attach to and roll on inflamed endothelium and on leukocyte monolayers that form on the endothelial cells. Leukocyte-leukocyte interactions occurring under hydrodynamic shear stress are mediated by binding of L-selectin to unknown sialomucin-like glycoproteins. We show that purified neutrophil PSGL-1, a sialomucin glycoprotein that serves as a(More)
Neutrophils roll on P-selectin expressed by activated platelets or endothelial cells under the shear stresses in the microcirculation. P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) is a high affinity ligand for P-selectin on myeloid cells. However, it has not been demonstrated that PSGL-1 contributes to the rolling of neutrophils on P-selectin. We developed two(More)
We used an immunoperoxidase procedure to examine the tissue distribution of the platelet alpha-granule membrane protein, GMP-140. In addition to its presence in megakaryocytes and platelets, GMP-140 antigen was found in vascular endothelial cells of diverse human organs, but it was not detected in other types of secretory cells. [35S]Cysteine-labeled human(More)
Endotoxemia is frequently associated clinically with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC); however, the mechanism of endotoxin action in vivo is unclear. Modulation of tissue factor (TF) and thrombomodulin (TM) expression on the endothelial surface may be relevant pathophysiologic mechanisms. Stimulation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells(More)
In inflammation, activated neutrophils adhere to endothelial cells and aggregate with one another. While beta 2-integrin and L-selectin are essential for aggregation, their ligands remain to be identified. We have previously shown that L-selectin mediates a carbohydrate-dependent interaction in aggregation (Simon et al: J Immunol 149:2765, 1992; Rochon et(More)
P-selectin is an adhesion receptor for leukocytes on thrombin-activated platelets and endothelial cells. It contains a NH2-terminal carbohydrate-recognition domain, an epidermal growth factor motif, nine consensus repeats, a transmembrane domain, and a cytoplasmic tail. We expressed two soluble forms of P-selectin, one truncated after the ninth repeat (tPS)(More)
GMP-140 is a rapidly inducible receptor for neutrophils and monocytes expressed on activated platelets and endothelial cells. It is a member of the selectin family of lectin-like cell surface molecules that mediate leukocyte adhesion. We used a radioligand binding assay to characterize the interaction of purified GMP-140 with human neutrophils. Unstimulated(More)