Learn More
The real-time simulation of rope, and knot tying in particular, raises difficult issues in contact detection and management. Some practical knots can only be achieved by complicated crossings of the rope, yielding multiple simultaneous contacts, especially when the rope is pulled tight. This paper describes a graphical simulator that allows a user to grasp(More)
A novel, unobtrusive and wearable, multiparameter ambulatory physiologic monitoring system for space and terrestrial applications, termed LifeGuard, is presented. The core element is a wearable monitor, the crew physiologic observation device (CPOD), that provides the capability to continuously record two standard electrocardiogram leads, respiration rate(More)
This paper presents algorithms for animating de-formable objects in real-time. It focuses on computing the deformation of an object subject to external forces and detecting collisions among deformable and rigid objects. The targeted application domain is surgical training. This application relies more on visual realism than exact, patient-specific(More)
This paper details the use of a Virtual Environment for Reconstructive Surgery (VERS) in the case of a 17 year-old boy with a severe facial defect arising from the removal of a soft-tissue tumor. Computed tomography (CT) scans were taken of the patient, the data were segmented, a mesh was generated, and this patient-specific mesh was used in a virtual(More)
We describe the implementation details of a real-time surgical simulation system with soft-tissue modeling and multi-user, multi-instrument, networked haptics. The simulator is cross-platform and runs on various Unix and Windows platforms. It is written in C++ with OpenGL for graphics; GLUT, GLUI, and MUI for user interface; and supports parallel(More)
Today, there is growing interest in computer surgical simulation to enhance surgeons' training. This paper presents a simulation system based on novel algorithms for animating instruments interacting with deformable tissue in real-time. The focus is on computing the deformation of a tissue subject to external forces, and detecting collisions among(More)
Computer systems for surgical planning and training are poised to greatly impact the traditional versions of these tasks. These systems provide an opportunity to learn surgical techniques with lower costs and lower risks. We have developed a virtual environment for the graphical visualization of complex surgical objects and real-time interaction with these(More)
BACKGROUND Current methods available to assess a passenger's life threatening medical condition during in-flight emergencies are inadequate. Critical communication channels between the airplane and ground control rely only on voice communication via a two-way radio. The purpose of this study was to test the efficacy of cellular telephone technology via the(More)
OBJECTIVE This paper details the development and application of a Virtual Environment for Reconstructive Surgery (VERS). It addresses the technical and user-interface challenges in developing such a system, and the lessons learned during application of the system in the case of a 17-year-old boy with a severe facial defect arising from the removal of a(More)
UNLABELLED The objective of this project was to develop a computer-based surgical simulation system for planning and performing cleft lip repair. This system allows the user to interact with a virtual patient to perform the traditional steps of cleft-lip repair (rotation-advancement technique). MATERIALS AND METHODS The system interfaces to force-feedback(More)