Kevin M. Sours

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Protein motions underlie conformational and entropic contributions to enzyme catalysis; however, relatively little is known about the ways in which this occurs. Studies of the mitogen-activated protein kinase ERK2 (extracellular-regulated protein kinase 2) by hydrogen-exchange mass spectrometry suggest that activation enhances backbone flexibility at the(More)
Hydrogen/deuterium exchange measurements by mass spectrometry (HX-MS) can be used to report localized conformational mobility within folded proteins, where exchange predominantly occurs through low energy fluctuations in structure, allowing transient solvent exposure. Changes in conformational mobility may impact protein function, even in cases where(More)
Hydrogen-deuterium exchange measurements represent a powerful approach to investigating changes in conformation and conformational mobility in proteins. Here, we examine p38alpha MAP kinase (MAPK) by hydrogen-exchange (HX) mass spectrometry to determine whether changes in conformational mobility may be induced by kinase phosphorylation and activation.(More)
The technique of hydrogen-deuterium exchange coupled to mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) has been applied to a mesophilic (E. coli) dihydrofolate reductase under conditions that allow direct comparison to a thermophilic (B. stearothermophilus) ortholog, Ec-DHFR and Bs-DHFR, respectively. The analysis of hydrogen-deuterium exchange patterns within proteolytically(More)
We report hydrogen deuterium exchange by mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) as a function of temperature in a thermophilic dihydrofolate reductase from Bacillus stearothermophilus (Bs-DHFR). Protein stability, probed with circular dichroism, established an accessible temperature range of 10 degrees C to 55 degrees C for the interrogation of HDX-MS. Although both(More)
Hydrogen exchange mass spectrometry (HX-MS) is an experimental technique that can be used to -examine solvent accessibility and conformational mobility in biological macromolecules. This chapter summarizes studies using HX-MS to examine the regulation of conformation, protein mobility, and ligand binding to MAP kinases. We describe the planning and design(More)
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