Kevin M. Smith

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The bacteriochlorophyll d producing photosynthetic green sulfur bacteria Chlorobium vibrioforme forma thiosulfatophilum strain NCIB 8327 and C. vibrioforme strain B1-20 respond to reduced light conditions in culture by performing methylations at the 4- and 5-substituents, for example, converting the 4-Et into 4-n-Pr, 4-i-Bu, and even 4-neoPn. During this(More)
The synthesis, photophysical characteristics, in vivo photosensitizing efficacy, human serum albumin (HSA) binding properties, and skin phototoxicity of some stable bacteriochlorins were investigated. The novel bacteriochlorins, obtained from chlorophyll-a, have long-wavelength absorptions in the range lambda max = 734-758 nm. Preferential migration of(More)
Detached cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. var. Beit Alpha) cotyledons incubated in darkness with 5-aminolaevulinic acid and either 16O2 air (control) or 18O2 in N2 accumulated protochlorophyllide. This was converted into methyl phaeoporphyrin alpha 5 and analysed by mass spectrometry. The molecular ion of the methyl phaeoporphyrin alpha 5 derived from the 18O2(More)
BACKGROUND The Rejuvenate modular-neck stem implant (Stryker Orthopaedics, Mahwah, New Jersey) was recently recalled due to corrosion at the femoral neck-stem junction. The purpose of this study was to investigate the rate of corrosion-related failure and survivorship of this implant and analyze the correlation of implant and patient factors with serum(More)
New laboratory measurements and theoretical calculations of integrated line intensities for water vapour bands in the near-infrared and visible (8500-15800 cm) are summarised. Band intensities derived from the new measured data show a systematic 6 to 26% increase compared to calculations using the HITRAN-96 database. The recent corrections to the HITRAN(More)
Photosensitized biological processes, as applied in photodynamic therapy, are based on light-triggered generation of molecular singlet oxygen by a membrane-residing sensitizer. Most of the sensitizers currently used are hydrophobic or amphiphilic porphyrins and their analogs. The possible activity of the short-lived singlet oxygen is limited to the time it(More)
Administration of carbon-13 and carbon-14 labeled glutamate, glycine, and methionine to Chlorobium vibrioforme forma thiosulfatophilum strain D have demonstrated operation of the C5 and C1 metabolic pathways in bacteriochlorophyll c and bacteriochlorophyll d biosynthesis in this organism, with glutamate providing the delta-aminolevulinic acid for macrocycle(More)
Photosensitization by porphyrins and other tetrapyrrole chromophores is used in biology and medicine to kill cells. This light-triggered generation of singlet oxygen is used to eradicate cancer cells in a process dubbed "photodynamic therapy," or PDT. Most photosensitizers are of amphiphilic character and they partition into cellular lipid membranes. The(More)
Five cationic porphyrins bearing one to four -N(CH(3))(3)(+) groups linked to the p-phenyl positions of 5,10,15,20-tetraphenylporphyrin (TPP) were synthesized in order to study the effect of overall charge and its distribution on the cellular uptake, phototoxicity and intracellular localization using human carcinoma HEp2 cells. The di-cationic porphyrins(More)
In order to find a photosensitizer with better optical properties and pharmacokinetics than Photofrin II, a series of new photosensitizers related to methyl pheophorbide-a and chlorin-e6 were synthesized. These compounds absorb at substantially longer wavelengths (lambda max 660 nm) than does Photofrin II (630 nm) and show promise for use in photodynamic(More)