Kevin M. Shakesheff

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Stroke causes extensive cellular loss that leads to a disintegration of the afflicted brain tissue. Although transplanted neural stem cells can recover some of the function lost after stroke, recovery is incomplete and restoration of lost tissue is minimal. The challenge therefore is to provide transplanted cells with matrix support in order to optimise(More)
In this study, we demonstrate the ability of a three-dimensional co-culture model to preserve some key aspects of differentiated hepatocyte function in vitro. Freshly isolated rat hepatocytes in co-culture with activated stellate cells rapidly aggregate to form well-defined viable spheroids. After 5 days in culture, the spheroids have a complex(More)
The colonization of biodegradable polymer scaffolds with cell populations has been established as the foundation for the engineering of a number of tissues, including cartilage, liver, and bone. Within these scaffolds, the cells encounter a porous environment in which they must migrate across the convoluted polymer surface to generate a homogenous cell(More)
This paper outlines the framework of a porous flow mixture theory for the mathematical modelling of in vitro tissue growth, and gives an application of this theory to an aspect of tissue engineering. The problem is formulated as a set of partial differential equations governing the space and time dependence of the amounts of each component of the tissue(More)
One of the greatest challenges in the attempt to create functional liver tissue in vitro is the maintenance of hepatocyte-specific functions. The pharmaceutical industry has long awaited the development of engineered liver tissue, which could represent a long-term, inducible, high-fidelity model for high-throughput screening of new drug compounds. It is(More)
Cell surface molecules are vital for normal cell activity. To study the functions of these molecules or manipulate cell behavior, the ability to decorate cell surfaces with bioactive molecules of our choosing is a potentially powerful technique. Here, we describe the molecular engineering of living L6 myoblast monolayers via selective periodate oxidation of(More)
AIMS Recently, there have been numerous preclinical and human studies investigating the regenerative capacity of cell suspensions following their direct injection into a target organ: the fundamental parameters for successful (clinical) cell therapy. At present, limited data exist in the identification of factors important for the survival of these cells(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of adenoviral gene transfer into primary human bone marrow osteoprogenitor cells in combination with biodegradeable scaffolds to tissue-engineer bone. Osteoprogenitors were infected with AxCAOBMP-2, a vector carrying the human BMP-2 gene. Alkaline phosphatase activity was induced in C2C12 cells(More)
We exploited leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesion chemistry to generate biodegradable particles that exhibit highly selective accumulation on inflamed endothelium in vitro and in vivo. Leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesive particles exhibit up to 15-fold higher adhesion to inflamed endothelium, relative to noninflamed endothelium, under in vitro flow(More)
The ability to generate new bone for skeletal use is a major clinical need. Biomimetic scaffolds that interact and promote osteoblast differentiation and osteogenesis offer a promising approach to the generation of skeletal tissue to resolve this major health-care issue. In this study we examine the ability of surface-modified poly(lactic acid) (PLA) films(More)