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Neural stem cells are reported to lie in a vascular niche, but there is no direct evidence for a functional relationship between the stem cells and blood vessel component cells. We show that endothelial cells but not vascular smooth muscle cells release soluble factors that stimulate the self-renewal of neural stem cells, inhibit their differentiation, and(More)
Experimental evidence suggests that CXCR4, a Gi protein-coupled receptor for the ligand CXCL12/stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1alpha), plays a role in breast cancer metastasis. Transactivation of HER2-neu by G protein-coupled receptor activation has been reported as a ligand-independent mechanism of activating tyrosine kinase receptors. We found(More)
The protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase) inhibitor pervanadate (vanadyl hydroperoxide) stimulated protein tyrosine phosphorylation 29-fold more than did thrombin in intact and saponin-permeabilized platelets. Increased tyrosine phosphorylation preceded, or was coincident with, a fall in PtdIns(4,5)P2 levels, production of PtdIns(3,4)P2 and phosphatidic(More)
The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade plays a crucial role in the transduction of extracellular signals into responses governing growth and differentiation. The effects of a specific inhibitor of the MAPK kinase (MEK)/MAPK pathway (PD98059) on nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced growth arrest and inhibition of cell cycle-dependent kinases (CDKs)(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases facilitate cell migration and tumor invasion through their ability to proteolyse the extracellular matrix. The laminin-binding integrin alpha3beta1 is expressed at high levels in squamous cell carcinomas and in normal keratinocytes during cutaneous wound healing. We showed previously that alpha3beta1 is required for(More)
Epithelial cell migration is a crucial event in wound healing, yet little is known about mechanisms whereby integrins regulate epithelial cell polarization and migration. In the present work, we demonstrate the importance of adhesion through the alpha3beta1 integrin in promoting the stabilization of leading lamellipodia in migrating keratinocytes. We(More)
We investigated the role of Ras in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated signal transduction and the promotion of angiogenic changes primary endothelial cells. We find that VEGF potently induces Ras activation and that this step is essential for the stimulation by VEGF of several cellular changes associated with angiogenesis, including(More)
Pathological conditions such as hypertension and hyperglycemia as well as abrasions following balloon angioplasty all lead to endothelial dysfunction that impacts disease morbidity. These conditions are associated with the elaboration of a variety of cytokines and increases in p38 activity in endothelial cells. However, the relationship between enhanced p38(More)
Synthetic thrombin receptor peptides (TRPs), comprising the first 6-14 amino acids of the new N-terminus tethered ligand of the thrombin receptor that is generated by thrombin's proteolytic activity, were reported to activate platelets equally with thrombin itself and are considered to be full agonists [Vu et al. (1991) Cell 64, 1057-1068]. Using aspirin(More)
Neurofibromatosis is a well known familial tumor syndrome, however these patients also suffer from a number of vascular anomalies. The loss of NFl from the endothelium is embryonically lethal in mouse developmental models, however little is known regarding the molecular regulation by NF1 in endothelium. We investigated the consequences of losing NF1(More)