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Background: The metaphase-spread-based dicentric chromosome assay (DCA) is the " gold standard " biodosimetry method for radiation dose assessment. However, practical issues influencing dose assessment by DCA, such as cell culture type and blood transport temperature are not addressed. Purpose: To fill the research gaps, we studied the effects of short-term(More)
Naturally occurring mutations in the human RECQ3 gene result in truncated Werner protein (WRN) and manifest as a rare premature aging disorder, Werner syndrome. Cellular and biochemical studies suggest a multifaceted role of WRN in DNA replication, DNA repair, recombination, and telomere maintenance. The RecQ C-terminal (RQC) domain of WRN was determined(More)
Cutaneous eruptions are a commonly reported adverse drug reaction. Cutaneous adverse drug reactions in the pediatric population have a significant impact on patients' current and future care options. A patient's recollection of having a "rash" when they took a medication as a child is a frequent reason for not prescribing a particular treatment. The quick(More)
Helicases are molecular motor proteins that couple the hydrolysis of NTP to nucleic acid unwinding. The growing number of DNA helicases implicated in human disease suggests that their vital specialized roles in cellular pathways are important for the maintenance of genome stability. In particular, mutations in genes of the RecQ family of DNA helicases(More)
RecQ helicases are required for the maintenance of genome stability. Characterization of the substrate specificity and identification of the binding partners of the five human RecQ helicases are essential for understanding their function. In the present study, we have developed an efficient baculovirus expression system that allows us to obtain milligram(More)
Understanding the molecular and cellular functions of RecQ helicases has attracted considerable interest since several human diseases characterized by premature aging and/or cancer have been genetically linked to mutations in genes of the RecQ family. Although a human disease has not yet been genetically linked to a mutation in RECQ1, the prominent roles of(More)
Werner syndrome is a hereditary disorder characterized by the early onset of age-related symptoms, including cancer. The absence of a p53-WRN helicase interaction may disrupt the signal to direct S-phase cells into apoptosis for programmed cell death and contribute to the pronounced genomic instability and cancer predisposition in Werner syndrome cells.(More)
The single-stranded DNA-binding protein replication protein A (RPA) interacts with several human RecQ DNA helicases that have important roles in maintaining genomic stability; however, the mechanism for RPA stimulation of DNA unwinding is not well understood. To map regions of Werner syndrome helicase (WRN) that interact with RPA, yeast two-hybrid studies,(More)
DNA helicases have essential roles in nucleic acid metabolism by facilitating cellular processes including replication, recombination, DNA repair, and transcription. The vital roles of helicases in these pathways are reflected by their emerging importance in the maintenance of genomic stability. Recently, a number of human diseases with cancer(More)