Kevin Lister

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OBJECTIVE The purpose of this paper is to explore the feasibility of developing a MRI-compatible needle driver system for radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of breast tumors under continuous MRI imaging while being teleoperated by a haptic feedback device from outside the scanning room. The developed needle driver prototype was designed and tested for both tumor(More)
We describe the design, fabrication, and characterization of a 1-dimensional silicon photonic crystal cavity with a quality factor-to-mode volume ratio greater than 10(7), which exceeds the highest previous values by an order of magnitude. The maximum of the electric field is outside the silicon in a void formed by a central slot. An extremely small(More)
Realistic surgical simulation requires incorporation of the mechanical properties of soft tissue in mathematical models. In actual deformation of soft-tissue during surgical intervention, the tissue is subject to tension, compression, and shear. Therefore, characterization and modeling of soft-tissue in all these three deformation modes are necessary. In(More)
Advancements in real-time surgical simulation techniques have provided the ability to utilize more complex nonlinear constitutive models for biological tissues which result in increased haptic and graphic accuracy. When developing such a model, verification is necessary to determine the accuracy of the force response as well as the magnitude of tissue(More)
Advancements in computational techniques have provided the ability to utilize detailed models in surgical training systems. The development of more complicated procedures coupled with reduced training time for medical residents has driven the need for accurate reality-based medical simulators. Extensive research has been conducted in the area of modeling(More)
This paper presents an initial design and feasibility study for a 1-DOF Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) compatible needle driver robot for radiofrequency ablation (RFA). This initial design and study is necessary to further understand how to improve on many of the shortcomings in the standard RFA procedure. Combining needle driving with advanced image(More)
Advances in electrosurgical technology have promoted the use of electrocautery in many surgical procedures. Precise modeling of soft tissue deformation during electrocautery with electrosurgical generators can be a valuable tool in training simulators for surgical procedures. Coupling the visualization of electrocautery with the force feedback during an(More)
The advent of complex surgical procedures has driven the need for realistic surgical training simulators. Comprehensive simulators that provide realistic visual and haptic feedback during surgical tasks are required to familiarize surgeons with the procedures they are to perform. Complex organ geometry inherent to biological tissues and intricate material(More)
Advancements in real-time surgical simulation techniques have provided the ability to utilize more complex nonlinear constitutive models for biological tissues which result in increased haptic and graphic accuracy. When developing such a model, verification is necessary to determine the accuracy of the force response as well as the magnitude of tissue(More)
Title of dissertation: DEVELOPMENT OF A REALITY-BASED, HAPTICS-ENABLED SIMULATOR FOR TOOL-TISSUE INTERACTIONS Kevin Lister, Doctor of Philosophy, 2012 Dissertation directed by: Professor Jaydev P. Desai Department of Mechanical Engineering The advent of complex surgical procedures has driven the need for finite element based surgical training simulators(More)
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