Kevin L. Law

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Overexpression of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) by tumors results in multidrug resistance (MDR) to structurally unrelated oncolytics. MDR cells may be sensitized to these oncolytics when treated with a Pgp modulator. The present study evaluates LY335979 as a modulator both in vitro and in vivo. LY335979 (0.1 microM) fully restored sensitivity to vinblastine,(More)
Overexpression of ATP-dependent drug efflux pumps, P-glycoprotein (Pgp) or multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP), confers multidrug resistance to tumor cells. Modulators of multidrug resistance block the action of these pumps, thereby sensitizing cells to oncolytics. A potent Pgp modulator is LY335979, which fully sensitizes Pgp-expressing cells at(More)
The design, synthesis, and biological characterization of an orally active prodrug (3) of gemcitabine are described. Additionally, the identification of a novel co-crystal solid form of the compound is presented. Valproate amide 3 is orally bioavailable and releases gemcitabine into the systemic circulation after passing through the intestinal mucosa. The(More)
Antibody-directed catalysis (ADC) is a two-step method for the delivery of chemotherapeutic agents in which enzyme-antibody conjugate, prelocalized to antigen-bearing tumor cells, catalyzes the site-specific conversion of prodrug to drug. An ADC system consisting of F(ab')-beta-lactamase conjugates and a cephalosporin derivative of the oncolytic agent(More)
Antibody directed catalysis (ADC), the catalytic conversion of prodrugs to drugs by enzymes localized at disease targets by appropriate monoclonal antibodies, has shown promise in the treatment of cancer in nude mouse xenograft models. We investigated this concept using antibody enzyme conjugates constructed from beta-lactamase and Fab's reactive with(More)
Multidrug resistance may be conferred by P-glycoprotein (Pgp, ABCB1) or the multidrug resistance associated protein (MRP). These membrane proteins are members of the ATP binding cassette transporter superfamily and are responsible for the removal from the cell of several anticancer agents including doxorubicin. Modulators can inhibit these transporters.(More)
The above data indicate that LY335979 displays the following characteristics of an 'ideal modulator' of Pgp-mediated multidrug resistance: high affinity binding to Pgp, high potency for in vitro reversal of drug resistance, high therapeutic index (activity was demonstrated at doses ranging from 1-30 mg/kg) observed in in vivo antitumor efficacy experiments,(More)
Two closely related diaryl acylsulfonamides were recently reported as potent antitumor agents against a broad spectrum of human tumor xenografts (colon, lung, breast, ovary, and prostate) in nude mice. Especially intriguing was their activity against colorectal cancer xenografts. In this paper, rapid parallel synthesis along with traditional medicinal(More)
LY207702 (1) is a difluorinated purine nucleoside that exhibits impressive antitumor activity in preclinical models. This agent, however, also possesses cardiotoxicity which limits the potential clinical utility of this novel drug candidate. We therefore developed linker chemistry whereby regioselective N6-tritylation of LY207702 (1) allowed this drug to be(More)
It is widely believed that antigen heterogeneity and noninternalization of antigen-antibody complexes will severely limit the antitumor activity of monoclonal antibody-drug conjugates. The B72.3 monoclonal antibody binds to a tumor-associated antigen which is heterogeneously expressed in human carcinomas (J. Schlom, Cancer Res., 46: 3225-3238, 1986). We(More)