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We applied a multi-modal imaging approach to examine structural and functional alterations in the default-mode network (DMN) that are associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), a transitional phase between healthy cognitive aging and dementia. Subjects included 10 patients with probable AD, 11 patients with aMCI,(More)
1. To identify the forebrain and brain stem structures that are active during the perception of acute heat pain in humans, we performed H2 15O positron emission tomographic (PET) analyses of cerebral blood flow (CBF) on nine normal volunteers while they received repetitive noxious (50 degrees C) and innocuous (40 degrees C) 5 s heat pulses to the forearm(More)
The cortical regions specialized in speech-language exhibit a left-right asymmetry, e.g., a larger cortical size in the left auditory cortex and Wernicke's area. The possibility of developmental asymmetry in axonal fibers interconnecting speech-language cortical areas can be investigated by in vivo diffusion tensor imaging. Fifteen right-handed native(More)
A technique has been developed for automated detection of the intercommissural (AC-PC) line for positron emission tomography (PET). The AC-PC line is estimated from the location of four internal landmarks; the frontal and occipital poles, the inferior aspect of the anterior corpus callosum, and the subthalamic point. The landmarks are detected automatically(More)
The display and analysis of functional brain images often benefit from head rotational correction and centering. An automated method was developed to align brain PET images into a standard three-dimensional orientation. The algorithm performs transverse and coronal rotational correction as well as centering of a brain image set. Optimal rotational(More)
Error-free reconstruction of PET data with a registered CT attenuation map is essential for accurate quantification and interpretation of cardiac perfusion. Misalignment of the CT and PET data can produce an erroneous attenuation map that projects lung attenuation parameters onto the heart wall, thereby underestimating the attenuation and creating(More)
Summation analysis strategies are recognized throughout diverse scientific fields as powerful means of differentially enhancing experimental signals over random fluctuations (noise). Such techniques, applied to emission tomographic cerebral blood flow scans, reveal subtle alterations in neuronal activity during specific behavioral states. In the present(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) affect the limbic system, causing medial temporal lobe (MTL) atrophy and posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) hypometabolism. Additionally, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies have demonstrated that MCI and AD involve alterations in cerebral white matter (WM) integrity. OBJECTIVES To(More)
Sinonasal imaging is performed in 2 major clinical scenarios: inflammatory rhinosinusitis or suspected mass lesion. Rhinosinusitis affects more than 16% of the US population annually. It poses an immense economic burden, accounting for more than 26 million outpatient visits annually and costing more than $4.3 billion annually in direct medical expenses.(More)