Kevin Kalinsky

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PURPOSE In breast cancer, somatic mutations in the PIK3CA gene are common. The prognostic implication of these activating mutations remains uncertain as moderately sized studies have yielded variable outcomes. Our aim was to determine the prognostic implications of PIK3CA mutations in breast cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Archival formalin-fixed(More)
PIK3CA gene mutations are the most common activating mutations in human breast cancer. Its association with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer makes it a prime target for clinical therapeutic advances to maintain anti-estrogen responsiveness. In anticipation of this therapeutic approach, we have evaluated intratumoral heterogeneity in primary breast(More)
The phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K)-AKT pathway is one of the most commonly dysregulated pathways in all of cancer, with somatic mutations, copy number alterations, aberrant epigenetic regulation and increased expression in a number of cancers. The carefully maintained homeostatic balance of cell division and growth on one hand, and programmed cell(More)
In 2006, the IOM released a report citing the importance of “survivorship plans” to improve quality of life and care coordination for cancer survivors, but little has been done to evaluate their efficacy. Women with early-stage breast cancer were randomized within 6 weeks of completing adjuvant therapy to a survivorship intervention group (SI) or control(More)
INTRODUCTION We conducted a presurgical trial to assess the tissue-related effects of metformin in overweight/obese breast cancer (BC) patients. METHODS Metformin 1,500 mg daily was administered to 35 nondiabetics with stage 0-III BC, body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m(2). The primary endpoint was tumor proliferation change (i.e., ki-67). Tumor proliferation(More)
For women with breast cancer who undergo mastectomy, immediate breast reconstruction (IR) offers a cosmetic and psychological advantage. We evaluated the association between demographic, hospital, surgeon and insurance factors and receipt of IR. We conducted a retrospective hospital-based analysis with the Perspective database. Women who underwent a(More)
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are a family of enzymes that regulate chromatin remodeling and gene transcription. Vorinostat is a panHDAC inhibitor that sensitizes breast cancer cells to taxanes and trastuzumab by suppressing HDAC6 and Hsp90 client proteins. Fifty-five patients with clinical stage IIA-IIIC breast cancer received 12 weekly doses of paclitaxel(More)
HER2-positive (HER2(+)) breast adenocarcinomas are a heterogeneous group in which hormone receptor (HR) status influences therapeutic decisions and patient outcome. By combining genome-wide RNAi screens with regulatory network analysis, we identified STAT3 as a critically activated master regulator of HR(-)/HER2(+) tumors, eliciting tumor dependency in(More)
The discovery of mutations in the BRAF signaling molecule in a large proportion of cutaneous melanomas immediately suggested the prospect of effective therapies for this disease. The most appealing initial target has been BRAF itself, as most mutations involve a single residue in the kinase domain of the protein. But the identification of the high mutation(More)
PURPOSE Estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) status is prognostic and predictive in breast cancer. Because metastatic breast tumor biopsies are not routinely feasible, circulating tumor cells (CTCs) offer an alternative source of determining ER/PR tumor status. METHODS/PATIENTS Peripheral blood was collected prospectively from 36 patients(More)