Kevin Junegi Hong

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Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is a molecular chaperone protein implicated in stabilizing the conformation and maintaining the function of many cell-signaling proteins. Many oncogenic proteins are more dependent on Hsp90 in maintaining their conformation, stability, and maturation than their normal counterparts. Furthermore, recent data show that Hsp90(More)
We report on the discovery of benzo- and pyridino- thiazolothiopurines as potent heat shock protein 90 inhibitors. The benzothiazole moiety is exceptionally sensitive to substitutions on the aromatic ring with a 7'-substituent essential for activity. Some of these compounds exhibit low nanomolar inhibition activity in a Her-2 degradation assay (28-150 nM),(More)
Inhibition of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) results in the degradation of oncoproteins that drive malignant progression, inducing cell death, making Hsp90 a target of substantial interest for cancer therapy. BIIB021 is a novel, fully synthetic inhibitor of Hsp90 that binds competitively with geldanamycin in the ATP-binding pocket of Hsp90. In tumor cells,(More)
Orally active Hsp90 inhibitors are of interest as potential chemotherapeutic agents. Recently, fully synthetic 8-benzyladenines and 8-sulfanyladenines such as 4 were disclosed as Hsp90 inhibitors, but these compounds are not water soluble and consequently have unacceptably low oral bioavailabilities. We now report that water-solubility can be achieved by(More)
Alkyne 40, 5-(2-amino-4-chloro-7-((4-methoxy-3,5-dimethylpyridin-2-yl)methyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-5-yl)-2-methylpent-4-yn-2-ol (EC144), is a second generation inhibitor of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) and is substantially more potent in vitro and in vivo than the first generation inhibitor 14 (BIIB021) that completed phase II clinical trials. Alkyne(More)
The anticoagulant activity of heparin administered during medical interventions must be reversed to restore normal clotting, typically by titrating with protamine. Given the acute toxicity associated with protamine, we endeavored to generate safer heparin antagonists by engineering bacteriophage Qβ virus-like particles (VLPs) to display motifs that bind(More)
We present a new image compression or intra-frame coding approach, which is based on a quadrilateral-shape polygon unit for reducing spatial redundancies. The proposed method partitions raw video frame data to quadrilateral-shape polygon unit first, and then predicts, transforms, quantizes and compresses the partitioned quadrilateral polygon. Performance(More)
Heparin is a sulfated glycosaminoglycan that is widely used as an anticoagulant. It is typically extracted from porcine or bovine sources to yield a heterogeneous mixture that varies both in molecular weight and in degree of sulfation. This heterogeneity, coupled with concern for contamination, has led to widespread interest in developing safer(More)
A novel class of pyrazolopyrimidine-sulfonamides was discovered as selective dual inhibitors of aurora kinase A (AKA) and cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1). These inhibitors were originally designed based on an early lead (compound I). SAR development has led to the discovery of potent inhibitors with single digit nM IC(50)s towards both AKA and CDK1. An(More)
8-(Arylsulfanyl)adenines 11 were prepared in up to 75% yield by reacting the 8-thionoadenine 6 (acetic acid 3-(6-amino-8-thioxo-7,8-dihydropurin-9-yl)propyl ester) with benzenediazonium tetrafluoroborates in DMSO. Benzenediazonium ions carrying an electron-withdrawing substituent gave the highest yields. The reaction proceeded smoothly at room temperature(More)
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