Kevin Jackson

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We report optimal conditions for assaying highly purified human lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes with the lactate-to-pyruvate and pyruvate-to-lactate reactions, as they apply to human serum. Interconversion of results between reactions is not practicable. Measurements of lactate dehydrogenase in either reaction direction at 25, 30, or 37 degrees C can be(More)
Brain temperature, as an independent therapeutic target variable, has received increasingly intense clinical attention. To date, brain hypothermia represents the most potent neuroprotectant in laboratory studies. Although the impact of brain temperature is prevalent in a number of common human diseases including: head trauma, stroke, multiple sclerosis,(More)
The amine position of the K+ channel blocker 4-aminopyridine was functionalized to form amide, carbamate and urea derivatives in an attempt to identify novel compounds which restore conduction in injured spinal cord. Eight derivatives were tested in vitro, using a double sucrose gap chamber, for the ability to restore conduction in isolated, injured guinea(More)
Optimal reaction conditions to sassay human lactate dehydrogenase (lactate-to-pyruvate) were established for isoenzymes 1 and 5 at 25, 30, and 37 degrees C in diethanolamine and 2-amino-2-methyl-1,3-propanediol. Different substrate concentrations are required at each temperature. The conditions permit measurement of lactate dehydrogenase 1 and 5 with the(More)
Optimal reaction conditions for assaying human lactate dehydrogenase pyruvate-to-lactate were determined for isoenzymes 1 and 5 at 25, 30, and 37 degrees C. Three of the nine different buffers examined--imidazole, triethanolamine, and N-tris(hydroxymethyl)-methyl-2-aminoethane sulfonic acid--are satisfactory. Beta-NADH, pyruvate, and hydrogen ion(More)
Proficiency testing (PT) is pivotal in assessing laboratory qualifications for certification and licensure. PT is expected to typify routine assay performance and determine whether the laboratory is producing clinically useful test results. Conventional schemes use mail-distributed test specimens and are often criticized as measuring the best possible(More)
Inhibition of return (IOR)-a slow response to targets at recently attended locations, is believed to play an important role in guiding behaviour. In the attention literature it has been shown that attentional capture by an exogenous cue affects contrast sensitivity so that it alters the appearance of low-contrast stimuli. Despite a significant amount of(More)
Human lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes I and V have decreased activities when the reaction is initiated with lactate. No loss in lactate dehydrogenase I activity was found when the reaction was initiated with enzyme or NAD+. For lactate dehydrogenase V an NAD+-initiated reaction, as compared to an enzyme-initiated reaction, yields lower activity in sodium(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a multifaceted disease with intrinsically complex heterogeneity and remains a significant clinical challenge to manage. TBI model systems have demonstrated many mechanisms that contribute to brain parenchymal cell death, including glutamate and calcium toxicity, oxidative stress, inflammation, and mitochondrial dysfunction.(More)
Highly purified human lactate dehydrogenases I and V were assayed in 17 different buffers, at a variety of reaction pH's. Diethanolamine and 2-amino-2-methyl-1,3-propanediol provided the best measurements of the enzyme, assayed lactate-to-pyruvate. However, the commercial preparation of 2-amino-2-methyl-1,3-propanediol contained insoluble matter and was(More)