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PURPOSE Hypoxia is associated with resistance to radiotherapy and chemotherapy and activates transcription factors that support cell survival and migration. We measured the volume of hypoxic tumor and the maximum level of hypoxia in glioblastoma multiforme before radiotherapy with [(18)F]fluoromisonidazole positron emission tomography to assess their impact(More)
UNLABELLED The PET compound (18)F-fluoroestradiol ((18)F-FES) has been developed and tested as an agent for the imaging of estrogen receptor (ER) expression in vivo. (18)F-FES uptake has been shown to correlate with ER expression assayed in vitro by radioligand binding; however, immunohistochemistry (IHC) rather than radioligand binding is used most often(More)
Recombinant human-annexin-V was conjugated with 4-[F-18]fluorobenzoic acid (FBA) via its reaction with the N-hydroxysuccinimidyl ester (FBA-OSu) at pH 8.5. A series of reactions using varying amounts of annexin-V, unlabeled FBA-OSu, and time produced products with different conjugation levels. Products were characterized by mass spectrometry and a(More)
Identifying and scoring cancer markers plays a key role in oncology, helping to characterize the tumor and predict the clinical course of the disease. The current method for scoring immunohistochemistry (IHC) slides is labor intensive and has inherent issues of quantitation. Although multiple attempts have been made to automate IHC scoring in the past(More)
BACKGROUND Glioblastomas with a specific mutation in the isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) gene have a better prognosis than gliomas with wild-type IDH1. METHODS Here we compare the IDH1 mutational status in 172 contrast-enhancing glioma patients with the invasion profile generated by a patient-specific mathematical model we developed based on MR imaging.(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) can be phosphorylated by mitogens binding to G-protein-coupled receptors and is considered a major pathway involved in cell proliferation. In this study, we report on the activation of MAPK by muscarinic acetylcholine receptors in astroglial cells, namely the 1321N1 human astrocytoma cell line, primary rat cortical(More)
UNLABELLED Annexin V is a 36-kDa protein that binds with high affinity to phosphatidylserine lipids in the cell membrane. Because one of the earliest measurable events in apoptosis is the eversion of phosphatidylserine from the inner membrane leaflet to the outer cell surface, annexin V has proven useful for detecting the earliest stages of apoptosis. (More)
Ethanol is a potent inhibitor of muscarinic receptor-mediated proliferation in glial cells. Glial proliferation has been suggested as a major target of ethanol neurotoxicity during development, leading to the microencephaly that is a predominant feature of fetal alcohol syndrome. As part of an attempt to understand the mechanism of ethanol's inhibitory(More)
BACKGROUND There is an unmet need in the treatment of pediatric brain tumors for chemotherapy that is efficacious, avoids damage to the developing brain, and crosses the blood-brain barrier. These experiments evaluated the efficacy of cabazitaxel in mouse models of pediatric brain tumors. METHODS The antitumor activity of cabazitaxel and docetaxel were(More)
Annexin V is useful in detecting apoptotic cells by binding to phosphatidylserine (PS) that is exposed on the outer surface of the cell membrane during apoptosis. In this study, we examined the labeling of annexin V-128, a mutated form of annexin V that has a single cysteine residue at the NH 2 terminus, with the thiol-selective reagent (18)F-labeling agent(More)