Kevin J Staley

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Gamma-aminobutyric acid A (GABAA) receptors are the principal mediators of synaptic inhibition, and yet when intensely activated, dendritic GABAA receptors excite rather than inhibit neurons. The membrane depolarization mediated by GABAA receptors is a result of the differential, activity-dependent collapse of the opposing concentration gradients of(More)
During development, activation of Cl−-permeable GABAA receptors (GABAA-R) excites neurons as a result of elevated intracellular Cl− levels and a depolarized Cl− equilibrium potential (ECl). GABA becomes inhibitory as net outward neuronal transport of Cl− develops in a caudal-rostral progression. In line with this caudal-rostral developmental pattern,(More)
The simultaneous discharge of hippocampal CA3 pyramidal cells is a widely studied in vitro model of physiological and pathological network synchronization. This network is rapidly activated because of extensive positive feedback mediated by recurrent axon collaterals. Here we show that population-burst duration is limited by depletion of the releasable(More)
A key event in the development of the mammalian cerebral cortex is the generation of neuronal populations during embryonic life. Previous studies have revealed many details of cortical neuron development including cell birthdates, migration patterns and lineage relationships. Programmed cell death is a potentially important mechanism that could alter the(More)
1. During prolonged activation of dendritic GABAA receptors, the postsynaptic membrane response changes from hyperpolarization to depolarization. One explanation for the change in direction of the response is that opposing HCO3- and Cl- fluxes through the GABAA ionophore diminish the electrochemical gradient driving the hyperpolarizing Cl- flux, so that the(More)
1. Stimulation of the perforant path in the outer molecular layer of the adult rat dentate gyrus produced a depolarizing post-synaptic potential (DPSP) in granule cells when recorded using whole-cell techniques in the standard hippocampal slice preparation at 34 degrees C. The postsynaptic currents (PSCs) contributing to the DPSP were analyzed using(More)
In hippocampal slices, synchronous CA3 network activity induced persistent strengthening of active positive-feedback synapses. This altered network operation by increasing probability of future synchronous network activation. Long-term depression of synaptic strength induced by partial blockade of NMDA receptors during synchronous network activity reversed(More)
The effect of GABAA receptor activation varies from inhibition to excitation depending on the state of the transmembrane anionic concentration gradient (delta anion). delta anion was genetically altered in cultured dorsal root ganglion neurons via adenoviral vector-mediated expression of ClC-2, a Cl- channel postulated to regulate the Cl- concentration in(More)
1. Whole-cell and sharp electrode recordings from adult rat dentate gyrus GCs were performed in the 400-microns-thick hippocampal slice preparation maintained at 34 +/- 1 degrees C. Intrinsic membrane properties of granule cells (GCs) were evaluated with the use of a switching current-clamp amplifier. 2. With the whole-cell technique, the average resting(More)
OBJECTIVES High levels of expression of the Na+-K+-2Cl- (NKCC1) cotransporter in immature neurons cause the accumulation of intracellular chloride and, therefore, a depolarized Cl- equilibrium potential (E(Cl)). This results in the outward flux of Cl- through GABA(A) channels, the opposite direction compared with mature neurons, in which GABA(A) receptor(More)