Kevin J. Shefcheck

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The objectives of the current study were to profile changes in protein composition using 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis on whey samples from a group of 8 cows before and 18 h after infection with Escherichia coli and to identify differentially expressed milk proteins by peptide sequencing using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight(More)
The discovery of biomarkers in milk indicative of local inflammation or disease in the bovine mammary gland has been hindered by the extreme biological complexity of milk, the dynamic range of proteins in the matrix that renders the identification of low-abundance proteins difficult, and the challenges associated with quantifying changes during disease in(More)
Coliform mastitis remains a primary focus of dairy cattle disease research due in part to the lack of efficacious treatment options for the deleterious side effects of exposure to LPS, including profound intra-mammary inflammation. To facilitate new veterinary drug approvals, reliable biomarkers are needed to evaluate the efficacy of adjunctive therapies(More)
Currently there is great interest in the development of methods to simplify complex protein mixtures for analysis by proteomic strategies. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate immobilized heparin chromatography to simplify such mixtures and to enrich minor proteins. The method is evaluated with cytosol from human breast cancer MCF-7(More)
The Ara h 2 proteins are major determinants of peanut allergens. These proteins have not been fully studied at the molecular level. It has been previously proposed that there are two isoforms of Ara h 2, based on primary structures that were deduced from two reported cDNA sequences. In this report, four isoforms have been purified and characterized(More)
Although immunoassay-based methods are sensitive and widely used for measuring protein toxins in food matrixes, there is a need for methods that can directly confirm the molecular identity of the toxin in situations where immunoassay tests yield a positive result. A method has been developed that uses mass spectrometry to identify a protein toxin,(More)
Detection of peptides from the peanut allergen Ara h 1 by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) was used to identify and estimate total peanut protein levels in dark chocolate. A comparison of enzymatic digestion subsequent to and following extraction of Ara h 1 from the food matrix revealed better limits of detection (LOD) for the pre-extraction(More)
Enzymatic digestion of total protein along with liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) was used to confirm the presence of a major peanut allergen in food. Several peptides obtained from the enzymatic digestion of the most abundant peanut allergen, Ara h 1, were identified as specific peptide biomarkers for peanut protein. Using ice cream(More)
This laboratory has introduced a chemical method for residue-specific protein cleavage and has provided a preliminary assessment of the suitability of microwave accelerated acid cleavage as a proteomic tool. This report is a continuing assessment of the fate of common protein modifications in microwave-accelerated acid cleavage. We have examined the(More)
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