Kevin J . Sampson

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1 We studied the effects of ranolazine, an antianginal agent with promise as an antiarrhythmic drug, on wild-type (WT) and long QT syndrome variant 3 (LQT-3) mutant Na(+) channels expressed in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells and knock-in mouse cardiomyocytes and used site-directed mutagenesis to probe the site of action of the drug. 2 We find(More)
Understanding the basis for differential responses to drug therapies remains a challenge despite advances in genetics and genomics. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) offer an unprecedented opportunity to investigate the pharmacology of disease processes in therapeutically and genetically relevant primary cell types in vitro and to interweave clinical(More)
A-kinase anchoring proteins (AKAPs) recruit signaling molecules and present them to downstream targets to achieve efficient spatial and temporal control of their phosphorylation state. In the heart, sympathetic nervous system (SNS) regulation of cardiac action potential duration (APD), mediated by beta-adrenergic receptor (betaAR) activation, requires(More)
Intrinsic spatial variations in repolarization currents in the heart can produce spatial gradients in action potential duration (APD) that serve as possible sites for conduction block and the initiation of reentrant activity. In well-coupled myocardium, however, electrotonic influences at the stimulus site and wavefront collision sites act to modulate any(More)
Inherited mutations of SCN5A, the gene that encodes Na(V)1.5, the alpha subunit of the principle voltage-gated Na(+) channel in the heart, cause congenital Long QT Syndrome variant 3 (LQT-3) by perturbation of channel inactivation. LQT-3 mutations induce small, but aberrant, inward current that prolongs the ventricular action potential and subjects mutation(More)
The I(Ks) potassium channel, critical to control of heart electrical activity, requires assembly of α (KCNQ1) and β (KCNE1) subunits. Inherited mutations in either I(Ks) channel subunit are associated with cardiac arrhythmia syndromes. Two mutations (S140G and V141M) that cause familial atrial fibrillation (AF) are located on adjacent residues in the first(More)
T he cardiac IKs channel is a major repolarization current in the heart that responds rapidly and robustly to sympathetic nervous system stimulation to ensure adequate diastolic filling time in the face of accompanying accelerated heart rate. In cardiac myocytes, the IKs channel is a macromolecular complex composed of a poreforming α (KCNQ1) subunit and(More)
BACKGROUND SCN5A encodes the alpha-subunit (Na(v)1.5) of the principle Na(+) channel in the human heart. Genetic lesions in SCN5A can cause congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) variant 3 (LQT-3) in adults by disrupting inactivation of the Na(v)1.5 channel. Pharmacological targeting of mutation-altered Na(+) channels has proven promising in developing a(More)
The delayed rectifier I(Ks) potassium channel, formed by coassembly of α- (KCNQ1) and β- (KCNE1) subunits, is essential for cardiac function. Although KCNE1 is necessary to reproduce the functional properties of the native I(Ks) channel, the mechanism(s) through which KCNE1 modulates KCNQ1 is unknown. Here we report measurements of voltage sensor movements(More)
I(Ks), the slowly activating component of the delayed rectifier current, plays a major role in repolarization of the cardiac action potential (AP). Genetic mutations in the alpha- (KCNQ1) and beta- (KCNE1) subunits of I(Ks) underlie Long QT Syndrome type 1 and 5 (LQT-1 and LQT-5), respectively, and predispose carriers to the development of polymorphic(More)