Kevin J. P. Ryan

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Experiments were designed to identify the neural cell type(s) responsible for the aromatization and 5 alpha-reduction of androgens in the rat hypothalamus. Primary cultures of fetal rat hypothalamic cells, which had enhanced neuronal morphology, were treated at various times after plating with kainic acid (KA), a neurotoxic agent which selectively destroys(More)
The present study tests the hypothesis that brain aromatase is an "ancient" property of nervous tissue and may be identified in homologues of the limbic system in a non-mammalian vertebrate, the turtle Chrysemys picta. Tissue homogenates (180 mg wet weight/2 ml) were incubated with [7 alpha-3H]androstenedione and cofactors for 60 min at 37 C. Estrone (E1)(More)
Experiments were conducted to study the regulation of the developmental pattern of aromatase in the forebrain of the perinatal rat. Two experimental designs were used: aromatase measured in primary cultures of fetal hypothalamic cells and in cell-free preparations of forebrain tissue excised at varying ages. In cultured cells, aromatase decreased(More)
Intraglomerular renin-angiotensin system enzyme activities have been examined previously using glomerular lysates and immune-based assays. However, preparation of glomerular extracts compromises the integrity of their anatomic architecture. In addition, antibody-based assays focus on angiotensin (Ang) II detection, ignoring the generation of other Ang(More)
The ability of granulosa and theca cells of the human ovarian follicle at different stages of development, as well as stromal and luteal tissues from human ovaries to metabolize androstenedione (delta 4) to testosterone (T), dihydrotestosterone (DHT), estrone (E1) and estradiol (E2) with or without exposure to additional amounts of folicle-stimulating(More)
Fat infiltration within muscle is one of a number of features of vitamin D deficiency, which leads to a decline in muscle functionality. The origin of this fat is unclear, but one possibility is that it forms from myogenic precursor cells present in the muscle, which transdifferentiate into mature adipocytes. The current study examined the effect of the(More)
The steroidogenic responsiveness of human thecal tissue to different doses of LH was investigated in vitro in relation to the health of the follicle and to the responsiveness of stromal tissue. The results show that small incremental increases in LH, over a low range of concentrations (1 to 10 ng/ml), markedly increased the thecal output of androstenedione(More)
Past research has implicated both the Leydig and Sertoli cells as sources of testicular estrogens. To study this issue further, we investigated the ability of Sertoli cells isolated from the testes of immature (10-day-old) rats to synthesize estrogens in response to FSH in vitro. The aromatase activity of Sertoli cells was examined by comparing(More)
Incubation parameters for a radioderivative assay for estrogen 2-hydroxylase have been examined. The assay was found to be specific and sensitive if a chromatographically purified preparation of COMT was used. Estradiol was found to be a better substrate for the 2-hydroxylase than estrone or estriol. The liver had significantly higher estrogen 2-hydroxylase(More)