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Consumer-directed long-term care service programs give participants the flexibility they want, while reducing unmet need for home and community-based services and supports. States' efforts to expand such programs under Medicaid, including those supported by federal Cash and Counseling demonstration and evaluation grants, are often hindered by challenges(More)
This paper addresses four family policy questions that policy makers often ask about consumer-directed services, examining issues such as quality, suitability, and fraud and abuse. Responses to these questions evolved from the experiences of diverse elder consumers and their caregivers who participated in IndependentChoices, the Arkansas site of the Cash(More)
Polysplenia syndrome includes malrotation and various forms of heterotaxy. Associated with this and malrotation are extrahepatic biliary anomalies. Actual obstruction, other than in associated biliary atresia, is extremely rare, and rarer still in older children. An 11-year-old girl presented with obstructive jaundice, malrotation, and heterotaxy, which(More)
After a decade of changes in federal law, regulation, and policy designed to promote the growth of publicly funded participant-directed long-term services and supports (PD-LTSS) programs, the number of these programs has grown considerably. The National Resource Center for Participant-Directed Services (NRCPDS) at Boston College started developing an(More)
OBJECTIVE The Cash and Counseling Demonstration and Evaluation (CCDE) was designed as an experiment in shifting the paradigm in home and community-based long-term care from a professional/bureaucratic model of service delivery to one emphasizing consumer choice and control. The experimental intervention was an individualized budget offered in lieu of(More)
PURPOSE Previous research from the Cash and Counseling Demonstration and Evaluation (CCDE) in Arkansas, New Jersey, and Florida suggests that giving consumers control over their personal care greatly increases their satisfaction and improves their outlook on life. Still, some argue that consumer-directed care may not be appropriate for consumers with(More)
As long-term care (LTC) expenditures have risen, policymakers have sought ways to control costs while maintaining consumer satisfaction. Concurrently, there is increasing interest within the aging and disability communities in consumer-directed care. The Cash and Counseling Demonstration and Evaluation (CCDE) seeks to increase consumer direction and control(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess Medicaid consumers' interest in a consumer-directed cash option for personal care and other services, in lieu of agency-delivered services. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING Telephone survey data were collected from four states from April to November 1997. Postsurvey focus groups were conducted in four states in 1998. Early implementation(More)
Under Connecticut's recently implemented public/private partnership to finance long-term care, individuals will no longer need to impoverish themselves in order to receive Medicaid assistance. To encourage those people who can afford to buy a private long-term care insurance policy to do so, the state promises to shield one dollar in assets from Medicaid(More)
In the case of long-term care financing, federal minimalism is not new news. Long-term care has long played a weak "third fiddle" to national health reform concerns about the uninsured and catastrophic expenditures on prescription drugs. The states have been left to struggle with the issue of long-term financing as part of their responsibilities in funding(More)