Kevin J. Lafferty

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Previous explanations for the allograft reaction have been based on the concept that antigen causes immunocyte activation, following engagement of the immunocyte's specific receptor. This notion lead to the concept of immune surveillance, the idea that the evolutionary pressure responsible for the development of the vertebrate immune system involved in(More)
Pancreatic islets from BALB/c (H-2d) mice are rejected within 14 days of transplantation to the kidney capsule of allogeneic, CBA/H (H-2k) recipients. Cyclophosphamide pretreatment of the islet donor reduced the intensity of the allograft response, and these islets undergo a more chronic rejection process. Islets from cyclophosphamide-pretreated donors can(More)
The destructive insulitis that develops in disease-prone NOD mice is characterized by a high frequency of IFN-gamma-producing cells in the lesion. Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) challenge of young, disease-prone animals inhibits the development of diabetes but does not alter the frequency with which pancreatic insulitis develops. However, the(More)
Allogeneic reactions have conventionally been considered as typical immune responses by one population of cells to antigens present on the other. This view is inadequate, since it does not explain many features of these reactions, among which are: (1) reactivity is much higher between different strains within a species than between species, in spite of the(More)
Cultured BALB/c islets fail to function when transplanted into diabetic nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice; such grafted tissue is rapidly destroyed by disease recurrence. The cellular requirements for this graft damage are unclear. This study was designed to investigate the role of the L3T4+ T-lymphocyte subset in disease recurrence in the NOD mouse. L3T4+(More)
Nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice get spontaneous diabetes with clinical and pathological manifestations similar to those seen in human type I diabetes. NOD mice will destroy transplants of treated allogeneic islet tissue by a recurrence of the disease process that destroyed the original islet tissue. This may be prevented by treatment of the animals with(More)
Mouse thyroid can be maintained in organ culture for 4 weeks. Uncultured BALB/c thyroid is rejected 10-15 days after transplantation under the kidney capsule of H-2 disparate recipients (C57BL, CBA). Organ culture of thyroid tissue prior to transplantation prolongs allograft survival. This prolongation of graft survival increases with increasing time in(More)
Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus was induced in the pig by pancreatectomy or by administration of intravenous streptozotocin (150 mg/kg). High post-operative morbidity and mortality in the pancreatectomised animals made this method of inducing diabetes unsuitable for animals to be used in long term studies. By contrast, the good clinical state of animals(More)
Freund's complete adjuvant (CFA) and BCG vaccine modulate the development of type 1 diabetes in animal models. In non-obese diabetic mice, CFA and BCG significantly reduced the proportion developing diabetes compared with controls. Histological examination showed that autoimmune disease still developed but had been diverted to become nondestructive. In a(More)