Kevin J. Hallock

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Endothelial cells are exposed to a ubiquitous, yet unexamined electrical force caused by blood flow: the electrokinetic vascular streaming potential (EVSP). In this study, the hypothesis that extremely low frequency (ELF) electric fields parameterized by the EVSP have significant biological effects on endothelial cell properties was studied by measuring(More)
Disruption and thrombosis of atherosclerotic plaques cause most acute cardiovascular events, but their systematic study has been hampered by the lack of suitable animal models. To assess the value of a modified rabbit model of atherothrombosis, we performed detailed histology of rabbit aortic plaques. Atherosclerosis was induced with a high cholesterol diet(More)
Solid core polymeric particles are an attractive delivery vehicle as they can efficiently encapsulate drugs of different physical and chemical characteristics. However, the effective targeting of such particles for therapeutic purposes has been somewhat elusive. Here, we report novel polymeric particles comprised of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) with incorporated(More)
Circulatory, respiratory, and digestive motions in Manduca sexta pupae were observed using proton-density weighted and fast-imaging with steady-state free procession magnetic resonance microscopy. Proton-density weighted images clearly differentiated pupal air sacs from the hemolymph and organs because, as expected, the air sacs appeared dark in these(More)
BACKGROUND Proteins are major plaque components, and their degradation is related to the plaque instability. We sought to assess the feasibility of magnetization transfer (MT) magnetic resonance (MR) for identifying fibrin and collagen in carotid atherosclerotic plaques ex vivo. METHODS Human carotid artery specimens (n = 34) were obtained after resection(More)
Calcified tissue is a common component of atherosclerotic plaques, and occurs most often in mature plaques. The process of calcification is a poorly understood risk factor that may contribute to a plaque's vulnerability to sudden rupture. In this study a solid-state imaging sequence, termed single-point imaging (SPI), was used to observe calcification(More)
Cholesteryl esters (CE) are not generally abundant but are ubiquitous in living organisms and have markedly different properties from cholesterol because of their acyl chain. The miscibility/immiscibility of CE with biological lipid structures is a key property for their functions. In this work we study the solubility of cholesteryl oleate (ChO) in a model(More)
In normal development and pathology, the vascular system depends on complex interactions between cellular elements, biochemical molecules, and physical forces. The electrokinetic vascular streaming potential (EVSP) is an endogenous extremely low frequency (ELF) electrical field resulting from blood flowing past the vessel wall. While generally unrecognized,(More)
1 Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA 2 Section of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 3 Department of Radiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 4 Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston,(More)
Storage of lipid in ectopic depots outside of abdominal visceral and subcutaneous stores, including within the pericardium and liver, has been associated with obesity, insulin resistance, and cardiovascular risk. We sought to determine whether anatomically distinct ectopic depots were physiologically correlated and site-specific effects upon cardiovascular(More)