Kevin J Edgar

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Efflux pump (e.g., P-gp, MRP1, and BCRP) inhibition has been recognized as a strategy to overcome multi-drug resistance and improve drug bioavailability. Besides small-molecule inhibitors, surfactants such as Tween 80, Cremophor EL, several Pluronics, and Vitamin E TPGS (TPGS 1000) are known to modulate efflux pump activity. Competitive inhibition of(More)
Massively parallel processors (MPPs) hold the promise of extremely high performance that, if realized, could be used to study problems of unprecedented size and complexity. One of the primary stumbling blocks to this promise has been the lack of tools to translate application codes to MPP form. In this paper we show how applications codes written in a(More)
Amorphous solid dispersions (ASD) of quercetin (Que) in cellulose derivative matrices, carboxymethylcellulose acetate butyrate (CMCAB), hydroxypropylmethylcellulose acetate succinate (HPMCAS), and cellulose acetate adipate propionate (CAAdP) were prepared with the goal of identifying an ASD that effectively increased Que aqueous solution concentration.(More)
Alginates have become an extremely important family of polysaccharides because of their utility in preparing hydrogels at mild pH and temperature conditions, suitable for sensitive biomolecules like proteins and nucleic acids, and even for living cells such as islets of Langerhans. In addition, the complex monosaccharide sequences of alginates, and our(More)
The current research evaluated and compared the efficacy of hydroxybutenyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HBenBCD) and hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HPBCD) as enhancers of itraconazole solubility and oral bioavailability. At 10 wt% cyclodextrin, 17-fold and 3.8-fold increases in itraconazole aqueous solubility were observed in the presence of HBenBCD and HPBCD,(More)
Previous work conducted in our laboratories established the notion that TPGS 1000 (d-alpha-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate), a nonionic surfactant, modulates P-glycoprotein (P-gp) efflux transport via P-gp ATPase inhibition. The current in vitro research using Caco-2 cells was conducted to further explore the P-gp ATPase inhibition mechanism.(More)
Clarithromycin (CLA) is an aminomacrolide antibiotic whose physical properties are fascinating and challenging. It has very poor solubility at neutral intestinal pH, but much better solubility under acidic conditions due to amine protonation. The improved solubility in an acid environment is confounded by the poor chemical stability of clarithromycin that(More)
Deep understanding of the structure-property relationships of polysaccharide derivatives depends on the ability to control the position of the substituents around the monosaccharide ring and along the chain. Equally important is the ability to analyze position of substitution. Historically, both synthetic control and analysis of regiochemistry have been(More)
D-alpha-tocopheryl poly(ethylene glycol) 1000 succinate (TPGS 1000) is a widely used form of vitamin E. TPGS 1000 is comprised of a hydrophilic polar (water-soluble) head and a lipophilic (water-insoluble) alkyl tail. TPGS 1000 has been used as a solubilizer, an emulsifier and as a vehicle for lipid-based drug delivery formulations. Most recently, TPGS 1000(More)
The formation of colloidal drug aggregates of lipophilic drugs is thought to be of relevance for the oral delivery of poorly water-soluble drugs. In this study, the underlying basis for colloid formation from amorphous solid dispersions and the impact of additives on colloidal stability were evaluated. A relationship was found between the concentration at(More)