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Prebiotics such as fructans, and probiotics such as Lactobacilli or Bifidobacteria, or a combination of prebiotics and probiotics (synbiotics) are thought to be protective against colon cancer. Therefore, we studied whether the prebiotic inulin enriched with oligofructose (Raftilose-Synergy1, briefly, Synergy1, 10% of the diet), probiotics [Bifidobacterium(More)
Several brain malformations have been described in rare patients with the deletion 22q11.2 syndrome (DEL22q11) including agenesis of the corpus callosum, pachygyria or polymicrogyria (PMG), cerebellar anomalies and meningomyelocele, with PMG reported most frequently. In view of our interest in the causes of PMG, we reviewed clinical data including(More)
Probiotics (PRO) modulate immunity in humans, while the effect of prebiotics (PRE) and synbiotics (SYN) on the human immune system are not well studied yet. The objective of this study was to investigate whether daily intake of a SYN modulates immune functions. In a randomised double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, thirty-four colon cancer patients who had(More)
AIM Despite advances in medical investigation, many children with neurological conditions remain without a diagnosis, although a genetic aetiology is often suspected. Chromosomal microarray (CMA) screens for copy number variants (CNVs) and long continuous stretches of homozygosity (LCSH) and may further enhance diagnostic yield. Although recent studies have(More)
Cerebral palsy is the commonest physical disability in childhood, occurring in 2.0 to 2.5 per 1000 live births. Although the total number of children with cerebral palsy has remained stable or increased slightly since 1970, there has been a consistent rise in the proportion of cerebral palsy associated with preterm and very preterm births. Known causes of(More)
The association of speech and language disorders with epilepsy is well-known in children with acquired epileptic aphasia, involving such entities as Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS), continuous spike wave in slow wave sleep (CSWSS) epilepsy and benign partial epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes (BPECTS). The possible association between epilepsy and a(More)
A case of ataxia with isolated vitamin E deficiency, in conjunction with supportive genetic studies, is reported. This is a neurodegenerative condition that involves a mutation in the tocopherol (alpha) transfer protein gene (TTPA). Measurement of serum vitamin E concentration should be included as part of the investigations in children with progressive(More)
Bioabsorbable fixation is commonly used in soft tissue procedures performed in the shoulder. ArthroRivettrade mark tacks (referred to as rivets here), made from a copolymer of 82% poly-L-lactic acid and 18% polyglycolic acid, were developed for the Bankart procedure. Although a previous in vivo study demonstrated favorable comparison of the fixation(More)
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